"Wounds and Scars"
Written by Barry Pullman
Directed by James Foley
Original air date: March 28, 1991
Annie, Norma’s sister from the
convent, arrives; Cooper learns a strange fact about Josie’s
corpse and finds she has an Interpol dossier; Catherine receives
a gift from the late Mr. Eckhardt; Cooper, Briggs, and the Log
Lady compare notes.
Read the episode
transcript at Glastonberry.net
For the titles of the Twin Peaks TV episodes, I have taken
the unique approach of using both the episode numbers, which were
the only titles given the scripts by series creators David Lynch and
Mark Frost, and the translated German titles of the episodes that
were assigned when the series aired in that country. Frequent
readers of PopApostle know I like the aesthetic of actual episode
titles, but I also wanted to honor the simple numbering used by
Lynch and Frost, hence the expanded titles presented in these
Characters appearing or mentioned in this episode
Josie Packard (deceased, seen in flashback)
Vivian Niles (Norma and Annie's mother, mentioned only)
John Justice Wheeler (Jack)
Thomas Eckhardt (deceased, mentioned only)
Dr. Gerald Craig (alias used by Windom Earle)
Nadine Hurley (née Butler)
Randy St. Croix
The Hinkmans (married alias used by Mike and Nadine)
Susan (Mike's classmate from school)
Notes from the Log Lady intros
When cable channel
obtained the rights to air reruns of Twin Peaks
in 1993, David Lynch directed all-new introductions to each
episode featuring the Log Lady, portrayed by original
actress Catherine E. Coulson. These intros also appear as
options on the DVD and Blu-ray collections of the series.
"Sometimes--well, let's say all times--things are
are judged as human beings on how we treat our fellow human
How do you treat your fellow human beings? At night, just
sleep, as you lay by yourself in the dark, how do you feel
yourself? Are you proud of your behavior? Are you ashamed of
your behavior? You know in your heart if you have hurt
You know. If you have hurt someone, don't wait another day
making things right. The world could break apart with
in the meantime."
|The "Previously on Twin Peaks" segment at the
beginning of this episode is longer and more detailed than
usual, due to the ABC network having put the series on
hiatus for 6 weeks due to low ratings. This segment is
narrated by Kyle MacLachlan as if Cooper were dictating a
new recording to Diane, detailing events since
"Dispute Between Brothers".
I'm not sure this "recording" could really be counted as an
actual recording by Cooper in-universe; he uses the
episode's airdate, Thursday, March 28, instead of the
in-universe date of Tuesday, March 21. If he were actually
recording it on March 28 (1989) it would be a Tuesday...and
it would be two days after the BOB-possessed doppelganger of
Cooper emerged from the Black Lodge and took Cooper's place
(in Episode 29:
"Beyond Life and Death")!
This particular "previously" segment aired only in the U.S.
version at the time. It's presented below for those who
would like to ponder whether it should be considered an
actual in-universe recording by Cooper. Cooper's remark that
he finds himself "suffused with a vague sense of
contentment; a premonition of happiness," is an allusion to
the arrival of Annie Blackburn to Twin Peaks, whom he meets
for the first time in this episode.
March 28th, Thursday night.
Diane, I want to bring you up to speed on a few recent
Nadine Hurley, 35 years old, persists in the belief that
she is a high school girl.
She has apparently fallen in love with Mike Nelson, high
school varsity star.
Word has it that Bobby Briggs is shacked up with Shelly
Shelly's husband, Leo, has awakened from his coma and is
somewhere in the woods.
Ben Horne has suddenly become an environmentalist, and
enlisted the aid of trusted friend
John Justice Wheeler to help him save the pine weasel.
As for me...I find myself suffused with a vague sense of
contentment; a premonition of happiness.
I hope I will be ready when it comes.
Meanwhile, there's Windom Earle, my former partner.
Windom continues to play his deadly game of chess.
Deadly, Diane, because every time he removes a piece
from the board, Earle takes a human life.
I have enlisted the aid of chess champion Pete Martell,
in hopes of formulating a stalemate game.
In the meantime, I can only wait for Earle's next move.
Major Briggs has returned from his disappearance in the
woods, but remembers nothing.
He cannot explain the mysterious tattoo on his neck.
Diane, Josie Packard is dead, possibly from fear. And while
I am absolutely certain that she tried to take my life,
I feel both sadness and even sympathy.
Sheriff Truman is suffering terribly as a result.
When Josie died, I saw a vision, revealing BOB, and the
midget from my dream.
Windom Earle...BOB...the midget...is there a connection,
Do these events foretell BOB's return? I hope not...for all
This episode opens on Tuesday, March 21, 1989.
|As the episode opens, Truman is drinking a
whiskey breakfast in a glass from the same Jack Daniel's
bottle seen in both the Roadhouse (in
"The Orchid's Curse")
and Bobby's bottle at Shelly's house (in
same bottle is seen again next to Truman's bed at the
"On the Wings of Love". And
Truman kind of shrugs off the specially-prepared breakfast
from Norma that Hawk brings him...he's being an ass due to
his heartache over Josie's death in
"The Condemned Woman";
I understand his grief, but if a woman like Norma was fixing
a special breakfast for me in my time of suffering, I'd eat
it! (Although, I don't know what's so "made special" about
the meal as shown; it looks like it would be a standard
breakfast served at the diner, a plate of scrambled eggs,
hash browns, a few strips of bacon, toast, and small paper
cup of hot sauce or ketchup.)
|Is it just me, or does the close up of
Truman during his Josie reverie look like monkey Jesus?
Hawk gives Truman a pseudo-Bookhouse Boys sign with his
finger to his temple as he leaves.
As Annie walks in the door of the RR at 3:27 on the Blu-ray,
notice she is wearing a necklace with a cross pendant, a
sign of her Christian religious background. She has just
spent 5 years in a convent, now returning to the secular
At 3:32 on the Blu-ray, a small plaque on the wall of the RR
behind Annie may be a
As Annie enters the dining room of the RR, notice that Toad
is leaving and he turns his head to look at her and check
her out as she walks
by! Who can blame him?
|The file Cooper is reading at the sheriff's
desk at 5:05 on the Blu-ray has a cover folder reading,
"Interpol--Warning! This folder contains sensitive
intelligence information." It is the Interpol file on Josie
is the shorthand name of the International Criminal Police
Organization. A copy of the Twin Peaks Post
newspaper also sits in front of Cooper. The logo of the
newspaper is similar to that of the fan newspaper, the
Twin Peaks Gazette.
The autopsy report on Josie from Dr. Hayward states that he
was unable to determine the cause of death and the body only
weighed 65 pounds. Although Josie was slim, how could an
adult woman of her height weigh only 65 pounds at death? Did
BOB consume her garmonbozia (fear and sorrow), leaving only
that weight of her body behind?
When Cooper mentions to Hawk the vision he saw just after
Josie died, Hawk retorts, "Maybe we better just whistle past
the graveyard." This is a U.S. idiom for proceeding with a
task that may be dangerous. It is interesting to note that
this exchange seems to imply that Cooper has already
confided in Hawk about his vision of BOB after Josie's
During Earle's lecture to Leo at 6:16 on the Blu-ray, notice
that he is twirling a daisy in his hand.
When Earle gets angry at realizing that Cooper is playing a
stalemate game in their chess match, notice that the shriek of some kind of bird of prey is heard several
times from outside the cabin. Possibly a passing owl?
When Dick praises the two Miss Twin Peaks contestants at
8:58 on the Blu-ray, saying, "Ladies, may I say, you
both...delightfully...represent...the sanctity...of nature,"
he is looking at their breasts!
During Dick and Pinkle's discussion about the stuffed pine
weasel, notice that a couple of workmen are wrestling a
large totem pole out of the room in the background.
At 12:18 on the Blu-ray, Catherine is going through
blueprints of some kind, probably blueprints for the houses
that will be built in her Ghostwood Estates project. The
painting behind her must be a concept house of what the
homes will look like. The blurry words printed below the
home appear to read "Ghostwood Development Inc."
At 12:50 on the Blu-ray, there is what appears to be a
painted, porcelain statuette of a Japanese geisha on the
bookshelf behind Catherine.
Jones tells Catherine that Eckhardt and Josie are to be
buried side-by-side (in
Hong Kong, it is implied).
The gun Catherine pulls on Jones is a
& Wesson Model 60.
Earle pays Donna a visit in disguise as Dr. Gerald Craig.
Possibly this is a reference to Dr. Mark Craig, a character
on the 1982-1988 TV series St. Elsewhere.
"Dr. Craig" says he is on his way to a convention in
"Dr. Craig" tells Donna that he and her father graduated
from medical school "30 years ago this month." That would
place their graduation in March, 1959. According to
Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the
Town, Dr. Hayward attended
University of Washington Medical School.
|Earle leaves a gift with Donna for her father. When her
father opens it later that day, it is a black Knight chess
piece tagged with Earle's next move, N to KB3 (Knight to
King's Bishop 3). By why does he send a black Knight? Earle
is playing white! Nor does he take a black Knight, there's
no way he could at the current state of the game. (See
"Patterns and Conflicts: An Analysis of the Windom
Earle/Dale Cooper Chess Game", Wrapped in Plastic
#4, April 1993, which includes input from chess expert John
Jacobs, former chess columnist of the Dallas Times
Herald. Diagram is from that article.)
As Earle leaves from his conversation with Donna, he is
humming the same tune he's been playing on his flute in past
episodes, "Questions in a World of Blue".
The book seen at 17:33 on the Blu-ray is Attack and
Counterattack in Chess, a 1959 chess guidebook by Fred
Reinfeld. A few seconds later, the spine of another book shows a
partial title, which may be The Soviet School of Chess
by Alexander Kotov and Mikhail Yudovich, first published in
At 17:37 on the Blu-ray, notice that a plastic bottle of
honey is seen sitting among the many chessboards Pete is
testing himself at. Maybe shots of honey keep Pete pumped
At 17:43 on the Blu-ray, a hand-written
diagram paper on the wall has the phrase "perpetual check"
written on it. Perpetual check is when one player in a game
of chess is able to bring the game to stalemate by forcing
the other into moves that constantly brings them into check,
but not checkmate. Apparently, this is what Pete is trying
to do in order to force an end to the chess game with Earle
so he can't take any more pieces/lives.
Another sheet on the wall has "Capablanca" written
on it. Pete claimed to owe his chess skill to José Raúl
Capablanca (a Cuban world chess champion) in
"Slaves and Masters".
While explaining to Cooper the difficulty of composing a
chess game to stalemate where no pieces are lost from the
board, he mentions the classic Herbstman leaves you with
only six pieces. Alexander Herbstman (1900-1982) was a
Russian composer of possible chess matches.
The drawing on the chalkboard of Major Briggs' triangular
tattoo at 20:10 on the Blu-ray is not quite the same one we
saw Cooper draw just seconds earlier.
The Log Lady reveals that she mysteriously found a
tattoo similar to Major Briggs' on the back of her leg when
she was 7 years old, after a walk in the woods that had her
missing for an entire day. Her tattoo seems as if it's a
representation of the twin peaks for which the town is
named, Whitetail Mountain and Blue Pine Mountain.
The song Jack sings to Audrey during their picnic is "Bury
Me Not on the Lone Prairie", an old cowboy folk song.
When Jack asks Audrey if there's another guy, she said there
was someone, but not anymore. Is she referring to Cooper or
some legitimate boyfriend in her past?
At 23:11 on the Blu-ray, we can see from the street sign
that the Hayward home is on the corner of Lakeview Drive. In
"On the Wings of Love",
James' postcard to Donna is addressed to her at 552 Dale St. On
the map of the town found in
Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the
Town, the Hayward home is instead shown at the corner
of Church Lane and Owl Street. There is no Lakeview or Dale depicted
on the map, though there is a Lakeside Drive one block west
of the Hayward home.
Donna's father tells her that the real Gerald Craig was his
roommate in medical school, but he died on a rafting trip on
the Snake River. Snake River is a tributary of the Columbia
River, running from southern Washington to Wyoming. The
Columbia River is the river that runs farther north past Twin Peaks.
Going through her mail, Norma finds a flyer for the Miss
Twin Peaks contest. If you freeze frame when the back of the
page is facing the screen, the "send to" address can just
barely be made out, but isn't complete, reading, "Norma
Jennings, Double R Diner, Twin Peaks, WA". The front of the
flyer says the prize for the winner is $2000 and two years
tuition at WSC. WSC is presumably Washington State College,
the common name (not official) of what is currently known as
University, with several campuses across the state.
At 28:23 on the Blu-ray, Norma is holding a PennySaver
periodical. In general, a pennysaver is a free
community-published periodical of business advertisements
and personal classified ads, well-known throughout North
America. The actual PennySaver branded periodical
Norma is holding was a publication distributed in California
only until going out of business in May 2015.
As Cooper meets Annie for the first time at the RR, he is
reading the book on Tibet he was also seen reading in
During Truman's confrontation with Cooper in the Bookhouse,
notice that the ceiling of the place appears to have thin
tree branches in a sort of web across it.
As Cooper cautiously approaches the irritable Truman at 32:25 on the
Blu-ray, notice that the record player in front of him is
spinning a record on it, but the arm of the player has
already reached the end, so no sound is heard from it.
As Mike and Nadine check into the Great Northern as Mr. and
Mrs. Hinkman, notice a sign behind them pointing the way to
the Stop Ghostwood Fashion Show.
Mike tells Randy at the check-in desk that he and his "wife"
are from Bozeman. He is referring to
As Ben begins his introduction of the Stop Ghostwood Fashion
Show, notice he tosses a few "Stop Ghostwood/Save the Pine
Weasel" badges to the attendees.
Dick describes Andy's ensemble in the fashion show,
including that he is wearing a Pendleton shirt. "Pendleton"
refers woolen shirts made by
Pendleton Woolen Mills in Portland, Oregon.
At the fashion show, Catherine walks up to Ben, saying,
"Well if it isn’t John Muir, friend of the redwoods." John
Muir (1838-1914) was an early advocate for the preservation
of wilderness areas in the United States.
During the chaos at the fashion show caused by the loose
pine weasel, a red-headed model in a blue dress runs to the
end of the catwalk and stands there screaming in the
background as Jack holds Audrey in his arms. But a split
second later, the redhead is suddenly standing screaming
behind the microphone, which was at the head of the catwalk.
Shelly's like family.wav
you're the senior lawman.wav
your silence speaks volumes.wav
the supreme incongruity.wav
keep an eye on each other.wav
I went walking up in the woods.wav
the call of the owl.wav
right before my husband died.wav
if there's another guy.wav
I think I've gone blind in my left eye.wav
Miss Double R Diner.wav
you made it just right.wav
why don't you hand me that gun?.wav
we're all like that.wav
finding a hole where the lake used to be.wav
one of the dirtiest consciences in the entire Northwest.wav
a black miserable clod of dirt.wav
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