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Episode Studies by Clayton Barr

The Secret History of Twin Peaks The Secret History of Twin Peaks
Written by Mark Frost

(Page numbers come from the hardcover 1st printing, October 2016)


A 2016 crime scene turns up a mysterious dossier about the town of Twin Peaks.


Didja Know?


The book's author is Twin Peaks co-creator Mark Frost.


Characters appearing in this novel


Gordon Cole - FBI Deputy Director

FBI Special Agent T.P. - Tamara Preston, analyzes the mysterious dossier

FBI Special Agent Dale Cooper - conducted the Laura Palmer and Windom Earle investigations in Twin Peaks

the Archivist - Major Briggs, compiler of the mysterious dossier (though started by Colonel Douglas Milford)

Captain Meriwether Lewis - famous explorer of the American west (historic figure)

Second Lieutenant William Clark - famous explorer of the American west (historic figure)

Twisted Hair - chief of the Nez Perce tribe, 1805 (historic figure)

Shoshone guide - served for a time as Lewis and Clark's guide; possibly Swooping Eagle, aka Old Toby (historic figure)

Rubin Fields - member of Lewis and Clark expedition (historic figure)

President Thomas Jefferson - U.S. President 1801-1809 (historic figure)

Thomas Randolph Jefferson - oldest son of Thomas Jefferson (fictitious)

Adam Weishaupt (1748-1830) - founder of the Order of the Illuminati of Bavaria (historic figure)

Benjamin Franklin - one of the founding fathers of the United States and a polymath (historic figure)

James Madison - U.S. President 1809-1817 (historic figure)

General James Wilkinson - American Revolutionary War hero, later turned traitor (historic figure)

Aaron Burr - U.S. Vice President 1801-1805, known for killing his political rival Alexander Hamilton (historic figure)

Alexander Hamilton - one of the founding fathers of the United States, later killed by his political rival Aaron Burr (historic figure)

Benedict Arnold - a general during the American Revolutionary War who turned traitor (historic figure)

Major James Neely - accompanied Meriwether Lewis to Grinder's Stand shortly before Lewis' suspicious death (historic figure)

Major Gilbert Russell - met Meriwether Lewis shortly before his death (historic figure)

Thomas Freeman - brought Meriwether Lewis' belongings to his estate after his death (historic figure)

Isaac Coles - secretary to President Jefferson (historic figure)

Meriwether Lewis' brother-in-law - unnamed (possibly fictitious), tried to retrieve Lewis' missing possessions from Neely

Sheheke-shote - (White Coyote), aka Big White, Mandan chief (historic figure)

Chief Joseph - Nez Perce leader who led a valiant retreat against U.S. cavalry for 3 months (historic figure)

General Oliver Howard - lead a campaign against the Nez Perce tribe (historic figure)

Colonel Nelson Miles - participated in the campaign against the Nez Perce tribe (historic figure)

Sitting Bull - Lakota holy man and resistance leader (historic figure)

Liver-Eating Johnson - aided the U.S. Army in the campaign against the Nez Perce tribe (historic figure)

Captain Ernest Wood - advocate for the Nez Perce tribe and author (possibly a stand-in for the historic figure {Lt.} Charles Erskine Scott Wood)

Arthur Chapman - translator during the Nez Perce surrender to the U.S. (historic figure)

Chief White Bird - Nez Perce leader (historic figure)

Edward Curtis - famous photographer of the American West (historic figure)

Wayne Chance - probable author of journal found near Owl Cave, dated 1875-1880

Denver Bob Hobbes - companion of Wayne Chance

Andrew Packard - a 16-year old Boy Scout who goes on to inherit the family lumber mill

Dwayne Milford - Scoutmaster and later mayor of Twin Peaks, brother of Douglas Milford

Rusty - Boy Scout

Theo - Boy Scout

Sherm - Boy Scout

Mrs. Loesch - mentioned only, Andrew Packard's English teacher at Twin Peaks High School when he was 16

Douglas Milford - secretly an important figure in governmental study and cover-up of Fortean phenomena in the U.S., brother of Dwayne Milford

Pauline Cuyo - girlfriend of Douglas Milford in 1927, estranged daughter of the owner of Twin Peaks Gazette

Captain James Kenterote, Jr. - mentioned only, issuing officer of Douglas Milford's Roswell U.S. Army Air Force ID

General Nathan F. Twining - formed Project Sign and member of Majestic-12 (historic figure)

Kenneth Arnold - unintentional coiner of the term "flying saucer" (historic figure)

Frederic Nathan - FBI Special Agent who interviewed Kenneth Arnold

Bob J. Hart - owner of an auto sales lot in Twin Peaks in 1947

Emil J. Smith - United Airlines pilot who saw UFOs in 1947 (historic figure)

Harold Dahl - witness of alleged Maury Island UFO incident (historic figure)

Charles Dahl - witness of alleged Maury Island UFO incident, son of Harold Dahl (historic figure)

Fred Lee Crisman - Harold Dahl's supervisor, participant in Maury Island UFO case (historic figure)

Ted Morello - UPI reporter who spread the Maury Island story nationally (historic figure)

Jim Garrison - New Orleans District Attorney who investigated the JFK assassination (historic figure)

Lt. Colonel George Garrett - member of Majestic-12 (historic figure)

Robert Jacoby - reporter for the Twin Peaks Gazette and older brother of Dr. Jacoby

Dr. Lawrence Jacoby - psychiatrist in Twin Peaks, brother of Robert Jacoby

Richard Jacoby - father of Robert and Lawrence Jacoby, ex-husband of Esther Jacoby

Esther/Leilani Jacoby - mother of Robert and Lawrence Jacoby, ex-wife of Richard Jacoby

Einer Jennings - UFO witness in Twin Peaks, paternal grandfather of Hank Jennings

Rover - Einer Jennings' dog

Lt. Dan Luhrman - fighter pilot who chased a UFO over Twin Peaks 

Emil Jennings - deceased, son of Einer Jennings and father of Hank Jennings

Margaret Coulson/Lanterman - the Log Lady, was "abducted" in the Ghostwood Forest in 1947

Alan Traherne - deceased, Twin Peaks boy who was "abducted" in the Ghostwood Forest in 1947

Carl Rodd - Twin Peaks boy who was "abducted" in the Ghostwood Forest in 1947, as adult becomes manager of Fat Trout Trailer Park

Dr. Dan Hayward - physician at Calhoun Memorial Hospital, father of Will Hayward

Dr. Will Hayward - physician at Calhoun Memorial Hospital

Laura Palmer - mentioned only, deceased

General Hoyt Vandenberg - U.S. Air Force Chief of Staff 1948-1953 (historic figure)

President Harry S. Truman - U.S. President 1945-1953, allegedly ordered the formation of Majestic 12 (historic figure)

James Packard - founder of the Packard Mill in 1890

Ersel Martell - son of Zebulon Martell

Zebulon Martell - father of Ersel Martell

Jean Jacques Renault - Canadian thug, father of Jean, Jacques, and Bernard

Thomas Packard - eldest son of James Packard

Minnie Drixel - wife of Thomas Packard

Danville Horne - father of Orville Horne

Orville Horne - son of Danville Horne

Gus Tidrow - husband of Hetty Tidrow, owner of Sawmill River Lodge

Hetty Tidrow - wife of Gus Tidrow, owner of Sawmill River Lodge

Frederick Truman - father of Franklin and Harry Truman, former sheriff of Twin Peaks, founder of the Citizens Brigade (later known as the Bookhouse Boys)

Franklin Truman - eldest son of Frederick Truman, brother of Harry Truman

Harry Truman - youngest son of Frederick Truman, brother of Franklin Truman, sheriff of Twin Peaks from 1981-?

Bobo Hobson - coach of Twin Peaks High School football team in 1968

Big Ed

Tommy "Hawk" Hill

Hank Jennings

Thad "Toad" Barker

Jerry Horne

Ben Horne

Pete Martell - deceased

Catherine Martell

Josie Packard - deceased

Josie's father - unnamed, deceased

Lace Butterfly - Josie's mother

Thomas Eckhardt - deceased

Cyril Pons - Twin Peaks Post reporter

Morgan - uncle of Emil Jennings

Jolene Jennings - wife of Emil Jennings, mother of Hank

Bobo Hobson's brother - unnamed, owns a bar in Twin Peaks

Jean Renault

Big Ed's uncle - unnamed

Ernest Hurley - older brother of Big Ed

Marty Lindstrom - father of Norma, husband of Ilsa

Ilsa Lindstrom - mother of Norma, wife of Marty

Billy Hurley - younger brother of Big Ed, father of James, wife of Susan

Susan Hurley - wife of Billy Hurley, sister-in-law of Big Ed

James Hurley - son of Billy and Susan Hurley, nephew of Big Ed

Ed Hurley, Sr. - father of Ernest, Big Ed, and Billy; died in 1983

Henry Hill - father of Hawk

Nadine Gertz (Hurley) - wife of Big Ed

Deputy Andy Brennan

Mr. and Mrs. Gertz - Nadine's parents, unnamed (Mrs. Gertz now deceased)

Delbert Mibbler - assistant manager of Twin Peaks Savings and Loan, deceased

Audrey Horne

Dorothy Doak - cashier at Twin Peaks Savings and Loan

M.J. Kaffee - judge or recording clerk in Timber Lull County

Mary Jo Plutnik - notary public in Twin Peaks

Lucy Moran - sheriff's secretary in Twin Peaks

Richard Nixon - President of the United States from 1969-1974, deceased (historic figure)

L. Ron Hubbard - writer, founder of the Church of Scientology, deceased (historic figure)

Jack Parsons - rocket scientist, occultist, deceased (historic figure)

Aleister Crowley - ceremonial magician and mystic, deceased (historic figure)

Sara "Betty" Northrup - girlfriend of Jack Parsons, later wife of L. Ron Hubbard (historic figure)

Helen Northrup - Jack Parsons' first wife, half-sister of Betty Northrup (historic figure)

Marjorie Cameron - second wife of Jack Parsons (historic figure)

Jackie Gleason - entertainer, student of Fortean phenomena (historic figure)

James Forrestal - first U.S. Secretary of Defense, alleged member of Majestic-12 (historic figure)

Gerald Ford - U.S. President 1974-1977 (historic figure)

Special Agent Phillip Jeffries - FBI Agent, missing

Sam Lanterman - lumberjack, husband of Margaret Lanterman, deceased

Donald and Donna Mulligan - owners of the Chapel in the Woods

Teresa Banks - murder victim of BOB/Leland in Deer Meadow

Agent Chet Desmond - FBI agent in charge of the Teresa Banks investigation, missing

Agent Sam Stanley - FBI agent partnered with Agent Desmond for the Teresa Banks investigation

Leland Palmer - father of Laura Palmer, husband of Sarah Palmer, deceased

Sarah Palmer - mother of Laura Palmer, wife of Leland Palmer

Madeleine Ferguson - cousin of Laura Palmer, niece of Leland and Sarah Palmer, deceased

BOB - frightening supernatural figure, mentioned only

Lana Budding Milford - young widow of Douglas Milford



Didja Notice?


The half-dust-jacket fold-over on the hardcover edition of the book has a variation of the Log Lady's "twin peaks" tattoo not seen before. It seems to also be an expansion of the lines of the Owl Cave and ring symbol.
dust jacket symbol Owl Cave symbol
Dust jacket symbol Owl Cave symbol


   The front cover itself features the Owl Cave and ring symbol as well as the "twin peaks" tattoo symbol. The spine shows a tetractys of the decad (a mystic symbol used in the worship called Pythagoreanism) overlaid with three diamonds (harking back to Cooper's doodle of a sort-of combination of Major Briggs' mysterious tattoo with the Log Lady's in Episode 25: "On the Wings of Love". The spine ornamentation is also photographed as being on the spine of the dossier itself on page 4.
   The book covering texture and color is similar to that described within these pages as the cover of the ledger containing the dossier.
The Secret History of Twin Peaks Symbol on book spine Cooper's doodle
Front cover Symbol on book spine Cooper's napkin doodle


The front and back flaps of the book cover on the hardcover edition feature FBI Deputy Director Gordon Cole's Memorandum to Agent T.P. which also appears as the opening of the book on page 1. The version on the book cover flaps is slightly different from the one inside. The inside version has the agent's name completely redacted, including the "T" and "P" and has a postscript from Cole asking the agent to see him immediately after finishing the investigation of the strange dossier.


The inside of the half-dust-jacket features a panoramic shot of the mist-shrouded woods.


The FBI seal seen on letterhead throughout the book is the actual one used by the FBI since 1941.


    Gordon Cole's interoffice memorandum to Agent T.P. states that the mysterious dossier about Twin Peaks was recovered from the crime scene of a still active investigation on July 17, 2016.

    Notice, of course, that the researching agent's initials are also those of "Twin Peaks".


Cole's memorandum states that the agent had been given the dossier for comprehensive analysis, cataloging, and cross-referencing under Code Red measures. "Code Red" is not an official FBI designation of investigation as far as I can tell, but the term is generally used colloquially to suggest urgency.


Cole's memorandum indicates the dossier has a relationship with Agent Cooper's investigation of a series of homicides in the town of Twin Peaks in northwest Washington state. But the map in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town, places the town in the northeast corner of the state, as do references to the proximity of the border with the state of Idaho in Episode 0A: "Wrapped in Plastic".


    The Dossier Processing Timeline submitted by Cole on page 2 states that the dossier was referred to Director Cole by the Investigations and Operations Support Section (IOSS). This is an actual department of the FBI.

    Agent TP has completed all required background checks and completed forms SF-86 and FD-258. SF-86 and FD-258 are actual government forms required to be filed for federal employees, being background and fingerprint forms, respectively. The timeline also states that Agent TP has been approved for this task per Crypto Clearance 12. Crypto Clearance 12 is fictitious as far as I can determine.

    Finally, the timeline states that Agent TP began the analysis of the dossier on August 5, 2016. 


The ledger which holds the mysterious dossier is said to be book-shaped, with an embossed cover encased in dark green cloth. Only a black-and-white photo of the dossier ledger is shown in the book, but it's shape and covering are quite similar to the two Packard Mill ledgers seen in the TV series, last seen in the possession of Ben Horne in Episode 9: "Coma". Is there any connection between the mill ledgers and the dossier ledger?
The dossier Packard Mill ledgers
The dossier Packard Mill ledgers


The Archivist's opening statement includes, "A wise man once told me that mystery is the most essential ingredient of life, for the following reason: mystery creates wonder, which leads to curiosity, which in turn provides the ground for our desire to understand who and what we truly are." This quote sounds like something David Lynch would say; in his interviews, he has often spoken of the allure of a mystery, such as "Secrets and mysteries provide a beautiful corridor where you can float out. The corridor expands and many, many wonderful things can happen...I love the process of going into mystery."


Agent TP's footnote #2 on page 7 states the opinion that the typewriter used by the Archivist was most likely a portable Corona Super G. This is an actual manual typewriter model manufactured in the 1970s. Throughout the Archivist's typewritten pages, notice that when the number "1" is typed, it looks like an "I"; this is because this model of typewriter, as did many models of the time, conserved key space by omitting the "1" key, asking users to type the capital "I" (or lowercase "l") as a "1".


    The dossier features a couple pages that Agent TP seems to conclude are genuine handwritten pages from the expedition journals of Lewis and Clark, September 20-21, 1805. The pages printed here are a mix of Lt. William Clark's actual quotes (and paraphrases) from the journal on these days and fictional fabrications. Lewis and Clark did actually meet the Nez Perce chief Twisted Hair in September of 1805. Agent TP's footnote #2 on page 8 describes the encounter as occurring in what is now Washington state, not far south of the "present-day location of Twin Peaks." But, the actual meeting occurred on the Lolo Trail in the Bitterroot Mountains of Montana/Idaho, probably 100-150 miles from what would become the Washington border.

    On page 9, Clark's journal states that Twisted Hair drew him a chart of the river which "passed through two mountains at which place was a great fall of the water passing through the rocks." This seems to be a description of the twin peaks (Whitetail Mountain and Blue Pine Mountain) and of Whitetail Falls, the waterfall outside the Great Northern Hotel in the series.

    Also on page 9, Clark mentions having a Shoshone guide. This probably refers to their real world Shoshone guide Swooping Eagle, often called Old Toby. In the real expedition however, Swooping Eagle served with them in the area of Idaho and did not accompany them into the area of Washington as implied here.

    Clark also mentions Reubin Fields as a member of their party. The man was actually Reubin Field, who served with his brother Joseph in the expedition.

    The mention in Agent TP's footnote #1 on page 9 of the party splitting for a few days to hunt is accurate (again, in Idaho, not Washington). This is how Clark's half of the party met the Nez Perce chief Twisted Hair.


Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town also mentions (briefly) a Lewis and Clark connection to Twin Peaks. Page 16 of that book postulates that the Lewis and Clark expedition may have made a detour to the Pacific Coast that brought them through the region that would become Twin Peaks, with the Lewis diary entry of July 13, 1805 as evidence: "To the southwest arose from the plain two mountains of a singular appearance and more like ramparts of high fortifications than works of nature." This is an actual quote from the Lewis diary on that date. However, the expedition was in the region of the Great Falls of the Missouri River, at what is now Great Falls, Montana, hundreds of miles from the northeast corner of Washington.


Meriwether Lewis was a close friend of President Thomas Jefferson, who assigned him to the expedition, as stated here. 


    On page 11, Lewis writes to President Jefferson that Twisted Hair told them of a tribe of white people who lived near the falls and from whom Twisted Hair had procured three strange artifacts. The white tribe spoken of here is fictitious, though a number of alleged "white" tribes have been spoken of in cryptohistory. Lewis goes on to say that no one in his party could recognize or divine the purpose of two of the artifacts, the third being a ring that appears similar to (or the same as) the Owl Cave ring seen in Fire Walk With Me. The ring drawn in Lewis' letter even has the same "extra" line at one tip of the diamond design, as seen in Fire Walk With Me (though the lines of the "peaks" don't originate from the same place on the diamond and the ring's band is much wider in the sketch). I'd always assumed the extra line was a flaw in the craftsmanship of the prop, but maybe it was intentional after all? Or Frost and Lynch may have chosen to incorporate the flaw into their new story.
   Lewis remarks that Twisted Hair pointed to the symbol on the ring and said something about an owl that their Shoshone guide was not able to fully translate. Lewis goes on to note that the symbol does vaguely resemble an owl. I pointed out in the study of Episode 25: "On the Wings of Love", that Cooper's napkin doodle resembles a symbolic owl (see the napkin doodle a few dozen paragraphs above).
ring Owl Cave ring


Agent TP's footnote #1 on page 12 states that Lewis had served as President Jefferson's secretary at the White House for two years before the celebrated expedition. This is true.


The Lewis and Clark expedition was also known as the Corps of Discovery, just as stated here. It's intent was to explore and establish a basic U.S. presence in the land of the Louisiana Purchase of 1803 (and beyond, to the Pacific Ocean). Jefferson appointed Lewis the leader of the Corps and Lewis selected Clark as his co-commander. The expedition itself took place from May 1804 to September 1806.


    In Agent TP's footnote #1 on page 14, it is stated that Thomas Jefferson's oldest living son, Thomas Randolph Jefferson, in 1870 discovered a cache of his father's "lost" writings in the archives at the Jefferson estate of Monticello. This is entirely fictitious...Jefferson didn't even have a son by that name! "Randolph" was his mother's maiden name and the name given to his younger brother (Randolph Jefferson). (PopApostle reader Christian H. points out that Frost may have been referring to Thomas Jefferson's grandson, Thomas Jefferson Randolph, perhaps inadvertently inverting the middle and last names and referring to him as Jefferson's son instead of grandson? Christian points out that the grandson's years of life, 1792-1875, fit into the story nicely...and much better than a son of Jefferson's would have! The Wikipedia entry on Thomas Jefferson Randolph also indicates that he helped manage Monticello near the end of his grandfather's life and was executor of his estate, which would have put him in a position to discover Jefferson's "lost" writings as described here.)

    Agent TP goes on to state that the writings are currently in a section of the Library of Congress that requires maximum security clearance to access and that the writings are the President's musings on a number of strange and esoteric topics, such as Freemasonry, the "real and present danger" to the young Republic, Adam Weishaupt's Bavarian Illuminati, and Native American mythology. Freemasonry is a fraternal organization known largely in the Western world and often condemned in conspiracy circles as a secret society that manipulates world events towards some larger goal (such as a New World Order); modern Freemasonry was founded in the 15th Century as stated here. Adam Weishaupt (1748-1830) was the founder of the Order of the Illuminati of Bavaria (Bavaria now being a part of Germany).

   In preparation for the expedition, Lewis is said to have spent time studying at the American Philosophical Society in Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin, a high-ranking Mason. Agent TP states that the APS is known to have the largest library of esoteric literature in North America, dating back centuries including such subjects as alchemy and transmutation. Benjamin Franklin was one of the co-founders of the APS in 1743. Though the APS is real, I don't believe it actually has an extensive library of occultish material.


On page 15, President Jefferson writes in his journal about the latest news from Captain Lewis on the expedition, the missive coming by stage from St. Louis. Jefferson writes that Lewis wrote of travelling three days north from the main body of the Corps to a "certain location" revealed on a native map, where Lewis describes, "Lights from the secret deep in the color red...classical lines...the mysterious force B. Franklin had stumbled upon...encounter with a silent man." These sound like classic Twin Peaks elements...though who/what is the "silent man"?


On page 18, Jefferson is left to wonder what the "it" is in Lewis' letter that he decides to keep instead of returning to the chief. Presumably, it is the ring.


Page 19 states that Jefferson made Lewis governor of the Upper Louisiana Territory in 1807. This is true.


The Missouri Gazette newspaper mentioned on page 20 appears to be fictitious.


On page 21, Lewis is said to have founded Missouri Masonic Lodge 12. Actually, he was a co-founder, not of Lodge 12, but of Saint Louis Lodge No. 111.


Page 22 mentions the Natchez Trace, Nashville, Washington D.C., and the New Jersey Palisades.


Page 22 also mentions President Jefferson's newly elected successor, James Madison; General James Wilkinson, a Revolutionary War hero, later turned double-agent for Spain; Aaron Burr; and Alexander Hamilton. These are all actual historical figures who did most of the things listed on these pages.


Page 23 mentions the Platte River, New Orleans, and Fort Pickering near Memphis. The Platte River is a major river in Nebraska. But Fort Pickering is not believed to have existed as such at the time (1809). It is believed to have been built in about 1810, though the remains of the French Fort Assumption were there. An earlier Fort Pickering existed on Winter Island in Salem, Massachusetts at the time of this history.


The letter from Lewis to President Madison shortly before his death in Tennessee mentioned on page 23 is fictitious as far as I can tell.


Page 24 states that Lewis' guide from Fort Pickering was Major James Neely, agent in charge of relations with the Choctaw Indian Nation. I've been able to confirm only that Neely was an agent to the Chickasaw Nation, a related but separate tribe to the Choctaw.


Also on page 24, Lewis arrives at Grinder's Stand, a small inn owned by John and Priscilla Grinder, on October 10, 1809. This is correct, though the owners are usually named as Robert and Priscilla. And, though the inn came to be called Grinder's Stand by everyone (erroneously), the couple's last name was actually Griner.


Page 27 mentions a letter about Lewis' attitude and condition written by Major Gilbert Russell. Russell seems to have been a real person.


Page 29 states that a cipher device of Jefferson's design was missing from Lewis' possessions after his death. I've been unable to confirm that Lewis possessed such a "device", but Jefferson did use cipher charts of his own design with many of his correspondents for privacy, including Lewis and Clark during their expedition.


On page 29, the Archivist mentions that many entries, covering more than half of the entries of Lewis and Clark's expedition, are missing for the official published journal. This is true, including much of the time of Lewis' entries from August 26, 1805 to January 1, 1806, when he would have been in the vicinity of Twin Peaks!


The Archivist remarks on page 29 that a leather pouch around Lewis' neck was among his belongings...found empty. Earlier in his journal, Lewis described the (Owl Cave) ring as being inside a leather pouch given to him by Twisted Hair. Did Neely take the ring? If so, what happened to Neely afterwards? Neely seems to disappear from history not long after Lewis' death!


    Lewis' Masonic apron was found stuffed in his pocket, bloodstained. Though it is true that Lewis' Masonic apron was found bloodstained after his death, the one presented here on pages 30-31 is not it, looking little like Lewis' actual apron. (Frank D. on the The Unofficial Secret History of Twin Peaks Discussion Club on Facebook points out the pictured apron belonged to Reason Bell Craft (1812–1873), as seen on the website of the Scottish Rite Masonic Museum & Library.
   The apron was returned to Lewis' mother and passed down through her descendants before finally winding up on display at the Masonic Foundation of the Grand Lodge in Helena, Montana, just as stated here.
   On page 32, the Archivist claims that he obtained permission from the Lodge to test the blood on the apron for DNA and confirm by detailed comparison with blood samples from his living relatives that it was not the blood of Meriwether Lewis. (This entry may also suggest that the Archivist is a Mason if he was able to get permission to take the apron for testing.) In the real world, in 2013, the blood on the apron was tested for the History Channel TV show America Unearthed and found that the blood was not Lewis'.
Lewis' Masonic apron (Secret History of Twin Peaks) Lewis' Masonic apron
Lewis' Masonic apron (Secret History of Twin Peaks) Lewis' Masonic apron


Meriwether Lewis was 35 years old upon his death, as stated on page 33.


On page 33, the Archivist states that Meriwether Lewis was, for 19th Century America, a combination of what Charles Lindbergh, John Glenn, and Neil Armstrong were in the 20th and "One has to look ahead to the assassinations of Lincoln and Kennedy to find a more shocking loss of such a universally admired public figure". Charles Lindbergh (1902-1974) was a famed American aviator; John Glenn (1921-2016) is the first American astronaut to orbit the Earth and later became a U.S. Senator; Neil Armstrong (1930-2012) was the first person to walk on the Moon. Lincoln and Kennedy, of course, were two widely-admired U.S. Presidents who were assassinated in office.


    Also on page 33, the Archivist states " is reasonable that Jefferson sent find a 'Northwest Passage' to the Pacific..." The term "Northwest Passage" normally refers to the sea route through the Arctic Ocean historically used by sailors along the northern coast of the North American continent, having nothing to do with an overland route. The term is probably used by author Frost here as a nod (or sort of in-joke) to the working title of the TV series used by Lynch and Frost before they decided upon Twin Peaks. Another in-joke to the working title is found on page 160.

   The Archivist also speculates that Jefferson wanted Lewis and Clark to investigate a number of strange rumors and claims about the northwest region of the continent: an unknown tribe of "white Indians" (mentioned previously), the existence of mastodons, sea monsters and other quasi-mystical beasts, and traces of ancient, vanished civilizations, including a race of giants. Jefferson is known to have had a keen interest in, and be a collector of, fossils. He was also fascinated with the idea that living mastodons or mammoths might still inhabit unexplored regions of the North American continent. As for a race of giants, Jefferson actually argued against skeletal remains found in his time that had been interpreted by some as those of the Biblical giants, and believed instead the remains belonged to animals, not giant humans. Of course, in the Twin Peaks universe, the concept of giants brings to mind the Giant seen by Agent Cooper several times in visions and in the Red Room.


Page 33 notes that the "giant" skeletons found through the 19th and early 20th Centuries were turned over to the Smithsonian Institution and never seen again. This is a hoax that has spread via the internet in recent years.


Page 34 describes Lewis' coffin opened in 1848 and his body examined by a doctor, who reported, "Governor Lewis almost certainly died at the hands of an assassin." This is true.


On pages 34-35, the Archivist comments on Mrs. Grinder claiming that she witnessed Lewis crawling outside in the moonlight on the night of his death, but the Archivist has found in records of the moon phases that there was no moon that night. I've been unable to confirm whether Mrs. Griner actually made such a statement, but it is true that there was no moon the night of October 10-11, 1989, the night of Lewis' death.


In footnote #20 on pages 34-35, another attempt by Lewis' descendants to get permission to exhume his body for analysis in 1996-2010 is mentioned, only to ultimately fail. This is true. The National Park Service approved it and then reversed itself a number of times in the process.


Page 38 features a small newspaper clipping about a giant's skeleton found in Maple Creek, Wisconsin. Though not credited in these pages, the clipping is an actual one from The New York Times, December 20, 1897.


Pages 38-39 tell of Lewis and Clark having returned east after the expedition with the chief of the Mandan tribe, Sheheke-shote (White Coyote), aka Big White. This is true. The Mandan are a tribe originally of North and South Dakota. There was also a theory that the Mandan may have interbred with the party of the Welsh Prince Madoc around 1170, giving the tribe's descendants occasional white traits in their offspring; the theory is generally dismissed by modern historians. Sheheke-shote died in his village in a Sioux raid, just as stated here.


    The story of Chief Joseph of the Wallowa band of the Nez Perce tribe told here is largely accurate. I've been unable to confirm though that he undertook a pilgrimage to seek the aid of the Great Spirit Chief before he led the tribe's great 3-month running battle across Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Wyoming, and Montana. Since his pilgrimage is said to be to "the place of smoke by the great falls and twin mountains," it seems to be a fictitious event meant to suggest he communed with the "Great Spirit" in the place that would become the town of Twin Peaks. The book this quote comes from, Plight of the Nez Perce, appears to be fictitious. The Great Spirit Chief was spoken of by many tribes of the midwest-northwest region of the North American continent, sometimes referred as one of the Sky People.

   It is also interesting to note that Snoqualmie Falls, the falls that stand in for Twin Peaks' White Tail Falls, is said by the Snoqualmie Tribe to be the place "where prayers were carried up to the Creator by great mists that rise from the powerful flow" and that the rising mists connect Heaven and Earth.


Page 41 states that General Oliver Howard led a brigade to escort the Nez Perce to a reservation. This is true.


Page 42 mentions that Chief Joseph surrendered in the Bear Paw Mountains. This is true.


Page 44 mentions Colonel Nelson Miles at Fort Keogh. Miles was instrumental in the surrender of Chief Joseph in the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana. He was stationed at Fort Keogh at the time (1877). The dispatch from General Howard to Miles on this page appears to be fictitious, as are its mentions of Clark Basin and Hart Mountain; Sitting Bull was, of course, a real person, a Lakota holy man who led a resistance against the U.S. Army and the policies of the U.S. government in regards to treatment of Indians and their land. Howard's description of the vanishing river, allowing the escape of Chief Joseph's band, before its return to cut off his brigade is reminiscent of the story of the parting of the Red Sea in the Biblical Book of Exodus.


Page 45 mentions Liver-Eating Johnson. He was an actual mountain man of the time, John Johnson (1824-1900). His nickname allegedly came from the fact that he would eat the livers of the Crow Indian warriors he killed in vengeance for the killing of his wife, a Flathead Indian, the liver believed to be a vital part of one's soul in the afterlife in Crow religion.


Footnote #1 on page 46 mentions a Captain Wood's account of Chief Joseph's surrender in 1877. At first glance, this would seem to refer to Charles Erskine Scott Wood (1852-1944), a soldier at the time who wrote a record of the Nez Perce surrender and went on to become the author of several books and articles. Most sources refer to him as being just a lieutenant in the army, not a captain. As stated here, he also practiced law in Portland, Oregon. But, on page 54, footnote #2 refers to Liver-Eating Johnson having told Captain Ernest Wood that there would be a reckoning due to the army's treatment of the Nez Perce. As far as I can tell, Captain Ernest Wood is fictitious. Are both Captain Woods the same one? It may be that Captain Ernest Wood is intended as a fictitious version of Lieutenant Charles Erskine Scott Wood, though I don't know why he would be fictionalized when so many other actual historic figures appear throughout the book. It is interesting to note that a real Ernest Wood (not a captain or in the military at all) lived from 1883-1965 and was a noted author who wrote, among other things, about Theosophy (an esoteric philosophy involving the search for knowledge of nature, being, and divinity) which is mentioned in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town as having Pete Martell and the Log Lady as followers (with rumors that Cooper once attended the Twin Peaks Theosophist Society, which the FBI denied).


Page 48 states that Chief Joseph and his followers were taken to Fort Leavenworth, Kansas after their capture for eight months. This is true.


Page 49 is a "reproduction" of a page from the (fictitious) book Plight of the Nez Perce. The context of the page and use of the first person suggest that it may have been written by the aforementioned Charles Erskine Scott Wood. In it, he mentions "Chapman" translating English for Chief Joseph. This presumably refers to the real world Nez Perce translator during the surrender, Arthur Chapman. Chief White Bird is also mentioned here; he was leader of the Lamata band of the Nez Perce.


Pages 51-53 feature a "reproduction" of a pamphlet called "A Plea for Peace & Equality" produced by the Indian Rights Associations, printed by Lea & Blanchard. As far as I can tell, this is a fictitious facsimile of an actual speech by Chief Joseph on January 14, 1879 at Lincoln Hall in Washington, D.C. The Indian Rights Association was an actual social activist group from 1882-1994. Lea & Blanchard seems to be a fictitious printing company.


    In footnote #2 on page 54, Agent TP states the character in the 1972 movie Jeremiah Johnson was based on Liver-Eating Johnson and that the real Johnson died in a veterans' home in Santa Monica, California in 1900, with his body later returned to Cody, Wyoming for reburial with a monument in 1974. This is all true; the movie was based on the historic figure of John "Liver-Eating" Johnson (his middle name was Jeremiah).

   Was Liver-Eating Johnson an ancestor of Leo Johnson? In Episode 6: "Realization Time" (and later episodes), an odd painting of someone who may be a mountain man is seen hanging next to the Johnsons' front door! Is it Leo's great-great-grandfather, Liver-Eating Johnson?!

mountain man


The photo of Chief Joseph on page 55 by Edward Curtis is an actual one taken by the famous photographer of the American West in 1903.


On page 58, the Archivist warns us to distinguish between mysteries and secrets, stating, "Mysteries precede humankind, envelop us and draw us forward into exploration and wonder. Secrets are the work of humankind, a covert and often insidious way to gather, withhold or impose power."


    On pages 59-63 are presented excerpts from the journal of an unknown person, mentioning a companion called Denver Bob and describing what is certainly Owl Cave. Agent TP's opinion is "it appears to be the work of a base and criminal character" and states that the paper and ink authentically date from the period around 1875-80. The Archivist later comments that it may be the journal of a lowlife drifter in the area at the time, Wayne Chance, who was known to travel with a man called Denver Bob Hobbes. A character also called Denver Bob Hobbes appears in Mark Frost's novel The Six Messiahs! One and the same? The novel and its predecessor The List of Seven feature Arthur Conan Doyle (creator/author of the Sherlock Holmes books) with his (fictitious) partner in adventure, Jack Sparks. The books contain supernatural elements, so could be fairly easily considered part of the Twin Peaks universe.

    Possibly, the "Denver Bob" name is also a play on the name of Bob Denver (1935-2005), the actor who was best known as both Maynard G. Krebs on the 1959-1963 TV series The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis and Gilligan on the 1964-1967 TV series Gilligan's Island.

    According to Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town, another diary (that of a French trapper and pedophile named Gaston Leroux) was found near the cave around 1787.


The Chance journal entries open with him stating they are six days north out of Spokane. That would indeed place them pretty close to the area of Twin Peaks and Owl Cave according to the map in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Townn.


Chance writes that they arrived in the area to look for gold, following a map they took off a man in Yakima.


On page 63, Chance describes something that may have been an owl screeching and flying out of the cave (Owl Cave) and that, if it was an owl, it was "the biggest damn owl I ever seen." Later, at their campsite, he says they heard whistling and possibly moaning and voices coming from the cave. When Cooper and the rest visited Owl Cave in Episode 25: "On the Wings of Love", they saw a screeching owl fly into the cave. Douglas Milford is said to have seen a walking owl nearly as tall as a man on page 75. And both Major Briggs, in Episode 20: "Checkmate", and Laura Palmer, in The Secret Diary of Laura Palmer, report seeing giant owls.


At their campsite, Chance writes that every time he tries to sleep now, he sees that "thing's" (the owl's) eyes, but he is confused because he never saw the eyes at the time. This is similar to what some experiencers report when vague memories of "alien abduction" begin to surface. It seems that the owl seen by Chance and Denver Bob may be a cover memory for such an abduction.


When Chance wakes up in the morning, he finds Denver Bob missing from the campsite, all his gear left behind, including his Spencer. On page 64, the Archivist notes that neither Denver Bob nor Wayne Chance were ever seen again; the journal was found in the stacks of the Spokane Masonic temple, records indicating it was found at an abandoned campsite on the loaded, desiccated corpse of a starved mule by loggers in 1879. The "Spencer" was a repeating rifle produced in the 1860s for the U.S. Army.


On page 64 the Archivist says Owl Cave is part of a system of old lava tubes.


Also on page 64, the Archivist points out that the Masons established an early presence in the (northwest) region and that the symbol often employed by the Masons' nemesis (Illuminati) lodge is an owl. Specifically, the Bavarian Illuminati is known to use the Owl of Minerva (or Athena) as a symbol (below). In the western world, the owl traditionally represents knowledge and wisdom.
Illuminati symbol


    The newspaper clipping on page 66 mentions the Yacoit (sic) Burn. The Yacolt Burn was a series of fires that broke out in the summer of 1902, a very dry year, throughout Washington and Oregon. The statistics of the fire given here are about right.

    Agent TP speculates that the unnamed newspaper the clipping derives from is most likely the Spokane Spokesman-Review. As the link shows, this is a real world newspaper, though this article was made up for the book, as can be seen through its mentions of Twin Peaks, the Packard and Martell families, and the (fictitious) local pine weasel.

    The unnamed author of the newspaper clipping expresses concern for the forests and environment of the region in the "mad dash for Mammon". "Mammon" is a Biblical term for money or wealth or for a person who has wealth, particularly a greedy one.

    The author mentions the sale of one million acres of local forest by the Northern Pacific Railroad to lumber baron Friedrich Weyerhaeuser. This is true.

    The author mentions a display of Northern Lights in Twin Peaks as if they are a normal occurrence. As far as I can find, Northern Lights (aurora borealis) are not visible in Washington. Perhaps Twin Peaks has a reputation for the unexplained presence of Northern Lights anyway...but the lights are really caused by something else?

    The article goes on to retell of a catastrophic fire on the river in Twin Peaks, when a logjam on the river somehow ignited and wound up burning down over half the wooden structures of the town. A date is not given, but it does mention the town was barely three decades old at the time. On page 69, Agent TP confirms the historic fire and that it took place on February 24, 1902. This would place the beginning of the settlement of Twin Peaks in about 1872 (and notice that the "February 24" date of the fire is the same date that Laura Palmer was murdered in 1989). The author says that some folks have attributed the fire to a medicine man's curse laid on the land when they were purloined by the U.S. government from the native tribes. Possibly, the "curse" is what Liver-Eating Johnson meant when he said that there would be a reckoning due to the army's treatment of the Nez Perce.


    Page 71 gives us our earliest look the local newspaper, the Twin Peaks Gazette (later becoming the Twin Peaks Post). It features a front page article by 16-year old Andrew Packard of Boy Scout Troop 79 in 1927. His Scoutmaster is Dwayne Milford.

    Packard's article mentions Fat Trout Stream near the Pearl Lakes. The fictitious Pearl Lakes have been previously mentioned in Twin Peaks. Fat Trout Stream also appears to be fictitious. Does the name of Fat Trout Stream relate to that of Fat Trout Trailer Park (seen in Fire Walk With Me and also mentioned later in this book)?

    Packard notes that he and his fellow Scouts are out camping near Pearl Lakes as part of earning their Star, Life, and Eagle Scout ranks. These are all actual ranks in the Boy Scouts of America.

    Packard's description of an area they have hiked into indicates they have entered what will become known as Glastonbury Grove. He notes that they were unable to get compass readings in the area, as the needles would just swing and spin.

    Packard remarks on already having earned his merit badge in Wilderness Survival. This is an actual merit badge that can be earned in the Boy Scouts.

    During a fierce storm at their camp, Scoutmaster Milford lights a Coleman lantern and tells the boys a local ghost story involving Owl Cave and a one-armed stranger. Is Dwayne's story a "true" one in the context of Twin Peaks? Does the "one-armed stranger" have any connection to the one-armed man Phillip Gerard, familiar to us from the TV series?

    During the campout, the boys enjoy a round of Nehi orange sodas. Nehi was a U.S. soft drink company known for its fruit-flavored sodas from 1924-1955. In 1955, the company changed its name to Royal Crown Company. Nehi is now a brand of the Dr Pepper Snapple Group.

    During the storm, Packard reports having seen what appeared to be a giant man in the tree line during a lightning flash. Scoutmaster Milford seems as if he may know of giants, as Packard notes that he undid the snap on the holster of his field knife when told about the figure (possibly due to his brother's alleged sighting of one as related later on page 76). The next morning, Packard and Milford notice giant-sized bare footprints around the edge of camp, which Packard photographs with his Brownie (a low-cost camera made by Eastman-Kodak in numerous models from 1900-1986). Was it a Bigfoot that Packard saw? Could it be that Bigfoot sightings and evidence (such as footprints) are just a cover hoax for sightings of giants from the White or Black Lodges?

    As he tried to sleep in his tent during the storm, Packard heard a deep rhythmic thudding sound from outside, like the beating of a distant drum. What was it? It doesn't seem familiar as something from Twin Peaks lore.

    Regarding the drum, PopApostle reader Shaun G. points out that Laura writes in her diary, in The Secret Diary of Laura Palmer, on November 13, 1987, a strange scene where Leo blindfolds her and leads her into the woods for a blindfolded orgy with unknown persons. I'm not sure if this scene has a direct connection to the supernatural elements of Twin Peaks or is just an example of Leo's bizarre, carnal circle of friends. While Leo's story seemed like more of a B-plotline in the series, it is interesting to speculate whether he actually had some kind of an unstated connection to the Black Lodge.


       "Can you keep a secret, little girl?"
      I wasn't sure if I should answer.
      "It's okay. Go ahead and tell me."
      "Yes. I can keep a secret."
      I suddenly began to feel and smell the same deep musk of the woods. I know it well. I began to feel my fear setting in, and I had to roll my head, loosen up . . . fight it. Remember what this is about.
      "The secret is that sometimes, right in this spot, I hear voices. Sometimes I realize that I'm not alone."
      "Whose voices do you hear?"
      "The voices I don't know. . . . But sometimes, if I am very quiet, I find that I can feel these people around me. I can hear them talking about me, but if you were to try and see them, they would most definitely disappear."
      "Do you hear any voices now?"
      "I think I hear them faintly. Coming in this direction. Does that scare you?"
      "I don't think so, no." I was ready for a busload of truckers to arrive and begin some kind of strange ceremony . . . I suddenly felt very exposed. I wondered how many people were on their way.
      "I'm going to help you sit down. Over here."
      Leo sat me down and I realized I was in a quite comfortable chair, dead in the middle of the woods. What was this place? Had I ever seen it during the day? Music began to play. Strange sounds of water, and something I couldn't place . . . and a drum . . . low.


At the end of the article, Packard paraphrases Shakespeare, whom he had studied in Mrs. Loesch's English class that year, "there is definitely a lot more on heaven and earth then we dream about in our philosophy". Shakespeare, of course, is the 16th-17th Century playwright and poet who is widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language. Packard's quote is a paraphrasing of dialog by Hamlet to Horatio in Hamlet.


    Footnote #2 on page 74 states that the Packards founded Packard Mill in the late 1880s. In Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town, it says it was founded in 1890.

    Andrew Packard is said to have been a member of the Rotary, Chamber of Commerce, the Optimists Club, the Elk Lodge, and the local Masonic Lodge. This is the first mention of a Masonic Lodge existing in Twin Peaks.


    On page 74, the Archivist compares young Packard's "Bigfoot" sighting to other similar and elusive legendary beasts such as the wendigo of the Algonquian peoples or the yeti. The wendigo is an Algonquian legend of a cannibal spirit that seems to be partially beast, partially human. The yeti is a cryptozoological, ape-like creature said to inhabit the Himalayan Mountains, often referred to in the west as the Abominable Snowman.

   The Archivist also remarks on Packard's first "death" in 1987. This is a reference to his faked death in a boating accident as mentioned in episodes of the TV series. The 1987 date is also confirmed in "Diane..." The Twin Peaks Tapes of Agent Cooper.


Footnote #4 on page 74 states that Dwayne Milford began his first term as mayor of Twin Peaks in 1962, the first of 14 consecutive two-year terms. This implies that his final term ended in 1990, which would be about 1 year after the final episode of the original TV series.


On page 75, Packard states in his diary that, at the time of his article (1927), Douglas Milford was living with Pauline Cuyo, the estranged daughter of the owner of the Twin Peaks Gazette.


    The "omitted" portion of Packard's newspaper article on pages 76-77 state that Douglas had once been a Scoutmaster like his brother and earlier that same year of 1927, Douglas had had his own unusual encounter in the woods with a giant and a "walking owl" nearly as tall as a man.

    The Milford boys' parents owned a pharmacy in Twin Peaks. Douglas flunked out of pharmacy school in Yakima.
   Douglas is said to have a photographic memory. 


Douglas was considered the town drunk during the height of Prohibition. He left Twin Peaks when the Depression hit. Prohibition refers to the ban on alcohol production, importation, transportation, and sale in the U.S. from 1920-1933. The Great Depression was a worldwide economic downturn starting in 1929 and running through much of the 1930s that resulted in high unemployment and poverty rates.


Douglas enlisted in the army in San Francisco the day after Pearl Harbor in 1941, serving in the Army Air Corps. On December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a sneak attack on the U.S. Navy base at Pearl Harbor, bringing the U.S. into WWII. The Army Air Corps existed as part of the U.S. Army from 1926-1947, then becoming the United States Air Force.


In 1944, Douglas was stationed on Guam. Guam is a territory of the United States and the largest island of Micronesia.


In 1945, Douglas was stationed at White Sands Missile Range in Alamogordo, New Mexico. White Sands was the site of the world's first atomic bomb test.


Douglas' Air Force enlistment form on page 79 reveals his birth date as August 11, 1909. His religion is listed as R.C. (Roman Catholic).


Douglas is next found stationed at Roswell Army Air Field at the time of the infamous Roswell UFO crash in July 1947, working at the base's PX.


    The transcript of Douglas' interview by the Army Air Force after the Roswell crash incident reveals that his middle name is James.

    Also in the interview, Milford claims to be married, but Agent TP's footnote suggests he must be talking about his common-law wife, Pauline Cuyo, with whom he lived in Twin Peaks 15 years earlier.

    Douglas relates that some MPs and a major shut down the PX and told everyone to keep quiet about the crash. MP stands for Military Police. The unnamed major may be Major Jesse Marcel (1907-1986), a principal player in the recovery of debris from the Roswell crash site.

    Douglas was curious about what the crash site was all about, so he borrowed a Willis (sic) from the motor pool and drove out to take a look surreptitiously near the sheep ranch. A Willys Jeep is the classic WWII U.S. military jeep manufactured 1941-1945 by Willys-Overland Motors. The "sheep ranch" refers to the ranch owned by Mac Brazel, near which the crash took place.

    Douglas describes the crashed craft he saw as having a flying wing shape "like an old Curtis". This presumably refers to an early flying wing type aircraft made by the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company (now the Curtiss-Wright Corporation).

    Douglas says the men at the crash site were wearing gas masks. Possibly, this was for reasons of possible biohazard contamination.

    Douglas reports that he saw someone who looked like General Nathan F. Twining at the crash site. Twining (1897-1982) was a U.S. Army Air Force (later Air Force) general who did actually study UFO reports that year (1947) and initiated Project Sign. He is alleged to have been an important member of a secret UFO study group called Majestic-12 (MJ-12), but the existence of this group remains unsubstantiated.


Page 85 hints that Douglas may have seen something similar to the Roswell craft during his own incident near the Pearl Lakes.


Footnote #7 on page 85 states that Twining was named Air Force chief of staff in 1953 and later was chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. This is true.


On page 85, the Archivist remarks that Douglas Milford becomes "a kind of Kilroy of esoteric phonomema". This refers to the popular phrase "Kilroy was here", written on the walls of public places visited by U.S. servicemen in WWII and then became well-known and repeated by people all over the world. The Archivist seems to be saying that when "esoteric phenomena" exhibited itself, Douglas Milford was not far behind.


Page 86 begins a report on the Kenneth Arnold UFO sighting near Mt. Rainier in the Cascade Mountain Range. Arnold (1915-1984) had a sighting on June 24, 1947 near Mt. Rainier, WA, just a couple weeks before the Roswell incident. The accompanying article from the Pendleton East Oregonian on page 87 is genuine, though I don't know if the "clipping" pictured here is a photo from the actual newspaper. The article mentions Boise, Idaho, Mt. Adams, and Ukiah, Oregon; these are real places; Mt. Adams is the second highest mountain in Washington.


Pages 88-89 feature a secret Air Force interview with Kenneth Arnold at the Hotel Owyhee in Boise. This is a real hotel (now known simply as The Owyhee).


Shortly after his Roswell interview, Douglas was recruited to work as Special Agent for Continental Air Command. This was an actual administration within the Air Force from 1948-1968.


Pages 90-91 feature a transcript of an interview with Kenneth Arnold by CBS newsman Edward R. Murrow. This is from an actual interview between Murrow (1908-1965) and Arnold.


Page 92 reproduces the receipt for a 1947 Buick Roadmaster sedan in Carlsbad black bought by Douglas Milford from Bob J. Hart auto sales in Seattle. (PopApostle reader Christian H. was able to confirm the color called "Carlsbad black" on Buick automobiles in 1947: He also points out that the dealership's phone number is too long for the time (SE7-0775) and that there was no Seattle (SE) telephone exchange.)

1947 Buick Roadmaster


Page 93 mentions Air Force Technical Intelligence overseeing Project Sign. Although there does seem to have been a department known as the Air Force Technical Intelligence Group, I've been unable to confirm whether it oversaw Project Sign.


Page 93 also mentions a number of disks sighted by United Airlines DC-3 pilot Emil J. Smith on July 5, 1947. This was an actual case file of Project Sign. DC-3 refers to the Douglas DC-3, manufactured 1936-1942.


    Pages 93-95 discuss the Maury Island UFO incident in Puget Sound Harbor between Seattle and Tacoma. This is another actual case file of Project Sign.

    Page 94 reproduces a newspaper clipping from the June 22, 1947 edition of the Tacoma Times by reporter Paul Lantz. The Tacoma Times was an actual newspaper, published from 1903-1949. It appears there was an article by Paul Lantz about the incident in the August 4th edition of the paper, but I've been unable to confirm the particular article printed here.

    Harold Dahl is said here to have collected samples of two substances that fell from the UFOs in a Kellogg's Corn Flakes box. This appears to be true.

    Page 95 states that UPI reporter Ted Morello picked up the local Maury Island story and put it out on the national newswire. This is true.


    Also on page 95, Ray Palmer is described as the editor of Amazing Stories, which published the Shaver Mystery articles by Richard Sharpe Shaver (1907-1975) from 1945-1948. This is true.

    The Shaver articles claimed, among other things, that a progenitor race called Lemurians lived in underground cities, often deep below dormant volcanoes such as Mt. Rainier and Mt. Shasta. Both Rainier and Shasta are part of the Cascade Range, Rainier in Washington and Shasta in California. The Archivist mentions Shaver's narrative stating the underground cities were only accessible by caves and lava tubes. Recall that on page 64, the Archivist says Owl Cave is part of a system of old lava tubes. And, in Episode 9: "Coma", Major Briggs told Cooper that the message he received through deep space monitors as part of his military duties were actually aimed, in this case, at the ground around Twin Peaks. Is there an underground "Lemurian" city under Twin Peaks?! It is also interesting to note that, before creating Twin Peaks, Mark Frost and David Lynch had come up with a concept for a TV show called The Lemurians, based on the mythical sunken continent of Lemuria.

    Shaver wrote of Lemurians as torturing, tormenting, mind-controlling, and sometimes eating humans. A race of beings from the Pleiades known as teros, who look human, oppose the Lemurians and some live among the human population. There are some similarities here to mysterious beings from the Black and White Lodges. The Pleiades is a star cluster visible in the night sky, about 444 light years from Earth.


    The letter seen on page 97 claiming the reality of the Shaver Mystery is an actual one from Fred Lee Crisman published in the Amazing Stories issue of June 1946 (though the letter is slightly modified here). Not mentioned here in the book is that, though Crisman's name is left off the printed letter at his request, editor Ray Palmer did reveal it later (presumably with permission). The magazine clipping of the letter here is fabricated; the actual letter appeared on page 178 of the issue, not 161. The letter was headlined "ENCOUNTER IN THE CAVES", not "MYSTERY OF THE CAVE" as seen here, and the first line of the editor's response to the letter at the bottom of the "clipping" is also altered from the actual response in the magazine.

   The locations mentioned for Crisman are real, but are spread out over the territories of Burma, India, and Tibet, yet he mentions walking through it with his captain after being shot down over the ocean. Perhaps this is a hint of a B.S. nature to Crisman's letter.


Fred Crisman did serve in the OSS (Office of Strategic Services), a precursor to the CIA, and worked for the Washington State Department of Veterans Affairs as stated here.


    Issue number 1 of Fate magazine in 1948 did feature an article about the so-called "flying saucers", but the one presented here and titled "Kenneth Arnold in Tacoma" was made up for the book. The cover of Fate #1 presented on page 99 is real.

   Arnold mentions checking into the Winthrop Hotel in Tacoma for a meeting with Ray Palmer. The Winthrop is a real hotel, built in 1925.

   The incident of Captain (William) Davidson and Lt. (Frank) Brown dying in the crash of their B-25 plane near Kelso, WA is true. The Hamilton and McChord air fields mentioned are real and the official date of the U.S. Army Air Forces' transfer into the U.S. Air Force (August 1, 1947) is accurate.

   Arnold remarks that not even the Civil Air Patrol was allowed into the area of the B-25 crash site. The Civil Air Patrol is an official civilian auxiliary of the U.S. Air Force which often assists at crash sites.

   A photograph in the article shows Arnold's Callair plane used on his famous "saucer" flight. Callair was an aircraft manufacturing company from 1939-1962.

   The timing of events related by Dahl as told to Arnold and the footnotes (6 and 7) by Agent TP hint that the first known "men in black" incident was during the series of Dahl-Crisman-Arnold investigations and that the first "man in black" was none other than Douglas Milford!


On page 102, the Archivist reveals that young Charles Dahl went missing for five days until he called his father from a motel in Missoula, Montana claiming he had no idea how he'd gotten there.


Page 102 mentions the American Federation of Labor (now the AFL–CIO) and KMO radio station. KMO was an actual radio station in Tacoma at the time of Arnold, Smith, and Morello's meeting.


    The excerpts from The Coming of the Saucers on pages 105-106 are from the actual book.

    Arnold mentions crossing over the Cascades and the Columbia River in his plane with the intention of landing at Pendleton, Oregon. The Cascades are the mountain range in which Mt. Rainier resides. The Columbia River provides the only break in the range.


On page 107, the Archivist states that Kenneth Arnold ran unsuccessfully for Lt. Governor of Idaho in 1962 and died in 1984. This is accurate.


As stated on page 107, Fred Crisman did tell of a second Lemurian cave he discovered with a companion named Dick who did not survive the ordeal. The two later letters Crisman wrote to Ray Palmer's magazines as described here appeared in Amazing Stories May 1947 and Fate January 1950.


In a footnote on page 107, Agent TP surmises that Crisman may have been interrogated at a military brig in Alaska for the kind of "off the grid" questioning "familiar from techniques employed in the early 21st Century". TP seems to be referring to the so-called "enhanced interrogation" methods (such as water-boarding) used by U.S. intelligence agencies in the War on Terror after the 9/11 attacks.


Page 108 states that Crisman later served during the Korean War, worked as a teacher, writer, employee of the Boeing Company (page 112), and hosted a radio talk show in Puyallup, WA under the name Jon Gold. This is true from what is known of his life.


In footnote #3 on page 108, Agent TP comments on finding out while researching him, that Crisman was known to have a working phone in his car decades before such a thing was well-known. I've been unable to confirm whether this was true.


The Archivist notes on page 108 that Crisman had been an "extended agent" with the CIA. This is an actual term known to be used with unofficial agents who can be called upon on occasions as needed to perform a task with deniability for the agency. Agent TP remarks in footnote #4 that Ray Palmer tied Crisman to the assassination of the president of South Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem, in a later editorial; I've been unable to confirm whether Palmer wrote such an editorial. Ngo Dinh Diem was the president of South Vietnam from 1955-1963 and was assassinated just three weeks before JFK was (Crisman is also tied to the JFK assassination in conspiracy circles as possibly one of the "three tramps" in Dealy Plaza).


Pages 108-109 go a bit into the JFK assassination investigation, mentioning Jim Garrison, Clay Shaw, Oliver Stone, E. Howard Hunt, Frank Sturgis, and Charles Harrelson. These are all real people connected in one way or another to the JFK assassination story. (As stated in footnote #6, organized crime figure Charles Harrelson is the father of actor Woody Harrelson.)


Crisman died of kidney failure in Seattle in 1975, as stated on page 109.


On page 109, the Archivist remarks that the Dallas police claim to have lost the arrest records of the three tramps arrested in Dealy Plaza the day of the JFK assassination. It is true that the records were seemingly misplaced for some time, but they were found again in 1992 (which would be after the last entry of the dossier, so his mention of the records remaining lost makes sense).


The photos on pages 110-111 are actual photos of the three tramps in Dealy Plaza and Fred Crisman.


Ray Palmer died in 1977 as stated on page 112. As noted in footnote #1 on this page, the DC Comics superhero the Atom was named Ray Palmer after the science-fiction editor.


Page 113 states that Ted Morello turned some of the Maury Island fragments over for analysis to a professor at the College of Puget Sound and the results published in the Tacoma Times. The College of Puget Sound is now the University of Puget Sound. As far as I can tell, the Tacoma Times article mentioned here is fictitious.


On page 114, the Archivist mentions that in the 1950s, the U.S. designated titanium as a "strategic material" and collected it at the Defense National Stockpile Center. The Defense National Stockpile Center is an actual branch of the U.S. Defense Logistics Agency.


The report that reporter Paul Lantz died at the age of 29 in 1948 of meningitis appears to be true. Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal column.


On page 116, Agent TP states that Douglas Milford was working for Project Sign. Project Sign is later transformed into Project Grudge and then Project Blue Book.


The Archivist's description of the relocation of the population of Hanford, Washington and the area's use as ground for a nuclear production complex in 1942 is accurate. The photo on pages 118-119 is an actual photo of the site from 1960.


The Archivist's description of Project Paperclip as the U.S.'s plan to bring key Nazi scientists to America after WWII is accurate, including the rocket scientist Werner Von Braun, who invented the Saturn V rocket that first sent men to the Moon.


On page 121, the Archivist mentions the Horten brothers, Nazi scientists who designed the Ho-229 flying wing and who escaped to Argentina after the war. This is true.


In footnote #7 on page 121, Agent TP mentions rumors of the Nazis recovering a crashed flying saucer in Germany in 1937. This is an actual rumor known throughout the field of ufology, but no direct evidence or documentation of this crash/recovery has been found.


Also in footnote #7, TP states that she has found a recently declassified report from Fourth Air Force Headquarters in San Francisco about three UFO sightings over the Hanford site as early as January 1945. The Fourth Air Force is a unit of the U.S. Air Force Reserve, but it is headquartered out of March Air Reserve Base near Riverside, California, not San Francisco (though there was an Air Force Reserve station there in the 1940s). The Hanford nuclear site has been the location of a few UFO sightings over the years.


As stated on page 122, "ghost rockets" and "foo fighters" are other types of UFOs occasionally seen by both Allied and Axis powers during WWII. And "mystery airships" were seen in the American West during the 19th Century.


On page 122, the Archivist reluctantly acknowledges the contribution of European author Erich von Daniken for connecting UFO sightings to Biblical and other ancient sources. Von Daniken has written a number of books about the subject, most popularly, the best-selling 1968 book Chariots of the Gods?


Also on page 122, the Archivist mentions UFO crashes alleged to have taken place in Texas and Missouri before Roswell. He is probably referring to the Aurora, Texas crash incident of 1897 and the Cape Girardeau, Missouri crash incident of 1941. He also mentions massive sightings over Los Angeles in the early 1940s, probably a reference to the so-called "Battle of Los Angeles" in 1942, in which a UFO triggered an air raid alert in the city in the belief that a Japanese aircraft was in the sky (not really a "massive" sighting, but a mass sighting).


The passage from the Book of Ezekial in the Old Testament of the Bible on page 123 is an accurate modern translation.


On page 125, the Archivist comments on a peculiar pattern of events within the geographical area of Twin Peaks, noting that no other similar community has such a catalog of misfortune in its history according to his research.


Page 125 and accompanying documents on pages 126-132 indicate that Douglas Milford was assigned to Wright-Patterson Air Force Base a few months after the Maury Island and Roswell incidents and was present for the first official meeting of Project Sign. Wright-Patterson Air Force Base is a real world air base located east of Dayton, Ohio and was the headquarters of Projects Sign, Grudge, and Blue Book. It is also said by UFO researchers to be where the bodies from the Roswell crash were taken.


The documents on pages 126-132 appear to be fictitious (particularly since they reference Major Douglas Milford!), but many of the names and incidents described therein were real.


Page 128 mentions C-54 and P-51 airplanes. Page 131 mentions a C-47 and 132 a Constellation. These are actual models of U.S. military aircraft in use during and after WWII.


On page 129, weather conditions for several of the UFO sightings are listed as CAVU. This stands for "Ceiling and Visibility Unlimited".


Page 130 describes the observer of a UFO as an employee of the Rocket Sonde Section of NRL. NRL is the United States Naval Research Laboratory. A rocket sonde is a rocket that launches an instrument system for making atmospheric and weather observations.


Page 134 introduces Robert Jacoby, reporter for the Twin Peaks Gazette and older brother of Dr. Lawrence Jacoby. The photo of young Robert on page 135 is a photo of actor Russ Tamblyn, who plays Dr. Jacoby on Twin Peaks. Footnote #3 on page 135 reveals that the Jacoby family moved from Twin Peaks to Pearl Harbor, Hawaii in 1939. After a divorce, the father, Richard, moved back to Twin Peaks with the older son, Robert, while Lawrence stayed in Hawaii with his mom, Esther (who changed her first name to Leilani).


Page 134 also introduces Einer Jennings, paternal grandfather of Hank Jennings, and his dog Rover. Einer was witness to a USAF fighter plane chasing a UFO over Twin Peaks at Sparkwood and 21 in September 1947. Einer tells the Twin Peaks Gazette that the fighter plane looked like a McDonnell FH Phantom; this was an actual jet fighter in use by the U.S. Navy at the time.


    Einer describes the Phantom jet as returning to the south after losing the UFO, presumably toward Fairchild Air Force Base. Fairchild Air Force Base is located near Spokane, WA, placing it about 130 miles from Twin Peaks.

    Page 137 mentions that Fairchild became part of Strategic Air Command in 1947 and was the home of the 92nd and 98th Bomb Groups and the B-29 Superfortress bomber. Strategic Air Command was in charge of strategic bombers and ICBMs (intercontinental ballistic missiles); it has since been disbanded in 1992, after the fall of the Soviet Union. The 92nd and 98th Bomb Groups and the B-29 Superfortress were stationed there at the time.


The Gazette article on page 134 mentions a drinking establishment in town called Woody's by the Water.


On page 138, Douglas states that the Jennings clan has a long reputation as a "no account" family in Twin Peaks and Einer was a leading candidate for town drunk. Ironically, Douglas Milford himself was considered the town drunk during Prohibition (as mentioned earlier) and might have been thought of as a "no account" individual during that same time.


Footnote #8 on page 139 states that Emil Jennings (Hank's father) passed out drunk and drowned in the steel tub of his basement beer-brewing apparatus in 1964. The footnote also states that Hank spent time at Washington State Penitentiary for vehicular manslaughter; this is the vehicular manslaughter crime that Hank had been in prison for when he is released on parole in Episode 5: "Cooper's Dreams", later revealed to be a cover-crime to the more serious murder of Andrew Packard in 1987 (which did not go quite according to Josie and Hank's plan). Washington State Penitentiary is a real world prison located in Walla Walla, Washington; the prison exterior seen in Episode 4: "The One-Armed Man", is actually that of Monroe Correctional Complex in Monroe, WA.


    On pages 138-140, Douglas Milford relates an incident that happened to him in the Ghostwood Forest shortly after Einer Jennings' UFO sighting. Apparently, it occurred in the same location where something happened to him as a Scoutmaster in 1927 according to brother Dwayne (see page 76). Douglas' 1947 witnessing of an event sounds as if it is the same event that occurred to Margaret Coulson and two other children, as related later on pages 142-146; he states the site is near Owl Cave. On page 140, Douglas states that he took a photograph of the location with his Minox camera.

   On page 141, the Archivist refers to Douglas' UFO experience as the first officially recorded UFO abduction. He also refers to it as a "close encounter of the third kind". "Close encounter" is a term used in ufology to designate different types of UFO experiences, coined by researcher Dr. J. Allen Hynek (1910-1986), with three levels:

  • Close encounter of the first kind: sighting of a UFO
  • Close encounter of the second kind: physical evidence of a UFO is left behind
  • Close encounter of the third kind: contact with a UFO occupant
    Some scales of close encounters include a fourth level, abduction.


    The Gazette article on page 142 states that three children disappeared in the Ghostwood Forest on Monday, September 8, 1947, with police and Forest Service and volunteers searching for them. The children were found safe the following day by an Eagle Scout troop led by Scoutmaster Andrew Packard.

    The article also states that bloodhounds were dispatched from Wind River to aid in the effort as if "Wind River" was a city in the area. There is a river by that name in southwest Washington, but no city. (Incidentally, it was in the waters of Wind River that Teresa Banks' body was found in Fire Walk With Me.)

    According to the article, the kids were surprised to find that they had been gone for an entire day, thinking only an hour or so had passed and having no recollection of spending a night in the woods. Victims of "alien abduction" often experience "missing time" such as this.


The three missing children above are identified by the Archivist as Margaret Coulson, Alan Traherne, and Carl Rodd, all third grade students at Warren G. Harding Elementary School in town. (The school's namesake, Warren G. Harding, was U.S. President from 1921-1923; possibly the name "Warren G. Harding Elementary" was borrowed by Frost from the name of the school in the 1983 film A Christmas Story.).

  • Margaret Coulson grows up to marry Sam Lanterman and become Margaret Lanterman, the Log Lady. Her maiden name of "Coulson" is borrowed from the last name of the actress who portrayed her in the original Twin Peaks TV series, Catherine Coulson (1943-2015).
  • Carl Rodd grows up to become the manager of the Fat Trout Trailer Park in Deer Meadow, as seen in Fire Walk With Me (in the film he remarks to Agent Desmond, "I've already gone places. I just want to stay where I am.").


    Pages 143 and 144 present the report of the Calhoun Memorial Hospital's physician's exam of Margaret after her return from the woods. The logo of Calhoun Hospital features a version of the Vitruvian Man by Leonardo Da Vinci, but with the figure reversed left-to-right and with the traditional square in the image replaced by a triangle. The header of the form states the hospital's location as Twin Peaks, Washington, Incorporated 1925. The logo on the actual Calhoun Memorial sign seen in episodes of the series is slightly different and more generic.

    The physician who conducted the exam was Dr. Dan Hayward, the father of Dr. Will Hayward. The report notes that Margaret goes by "Maggie" at this time in her life. The report gives her birth date as October 10, 1940; this goes along with her being listed as a Libra in the Twin Peaks card set published by Star Pics, Inc. in 1991.

    In the report, Dr. Dan Hayward states that it had been a balmy Indian Summer night while Margaret was missing, suggesting the relatively high temperature helped in her survival of the ordeal. 

    The sketch of the tattoo found on Margaret's leg is not the one seen in the TV series (Episode 24: "Wounds and Scars")! The sketch depicts the pattern found on Major Briggs after his disappearance and return (Episode 20: "Checkmate"). This is the first of several obvious inconsistencies with the established continuity of the original TV series found in this book. Are they all author's errors? An indication of an altered timeline (elements of precognition or temporal discontinuities have appeared before in Twin Peaks)? Some fans have speculated that Twin Peaks takes place in two parallel universes. Has the dossier been altered to hide certain information? Was the dossier written with false information in the first place (if so, it would seem Major Briggs is the source of the misinformation...or was it even Major Briggs who wrote the dossier?)? I'll point out the other continuity discrepancies as we go along. (In the book Conversations With Mark Frost by David Bushman, Bushman asks Frost if the inconsitencies between Secret History and the series were deliberate, and Frost says they were. But Bushman does not follow-up on this thread with Frost at all.)

   At the end of the examination, Margaret asked the doctor if he thought "the owl was coming back."

Calhoun Memorial Hospital logo Vitruvian Man Calhoun Memorial Hospital sign
Calhoun Hospital logo Vitruvian Man Calhoun Memorial Hospital sign
Log Lady tattoo medical exam tattoo sketch Major Briggs tattoo
Log Lady tattoo
Tattoo sketch in medical exam
Major Briggs tattoo


Footnote #2 on page 145 states that Dr. Will Hayward graduated from the University of Washington, which jibes with the information known from the Twin Peaks card set published by Star Pics, Inc. in 1991. The footnote also states that his father founded a family medical practice in town in 1925 and Will took it over in 1952.


Page 145 states that the three "abductee" children went on to graduate from Twin Peaks High School in 1958.


The Archivist states Alan Traherne was a sound technician in the motion picture and film industry, suffered from PTSD, and apparently attended a survivors group of abductees in the early 1980s. He died from cancer in 1988.


    Carl Rodd joined the Coast Guard and served on a patrol boat during the Vietnam War. The Archivist states that he found a photograph of Rodd during his Coast Guard service where he appears to have the same tattoo on the back of his right knee as Margaret. The photograph is not provided. Is the tattoo the three triangles seen in Margaret's medical exam or the twin peaks tattoo she bares in Episode 24: "Wounds and Scars"?

    Rodd went missing from his patrol boat during the earthquake and tsunami that struck Anchorage, Alaska in 1964 and was rescued by Aleuts and lived among them for some time. He adopted their animist form of shamanism and married one of their women. His wife and baby died during childbirth, after which he wandered the Yukon and the Northwest Territories, eventually settling in Yellowknife as a game tracker and performed his own poetry and songs. He was also a stuntperson in some movies shot in the area such as 1973's Emperor of the North, starring Lee Marvin and Ernest Borgnine and 1975's Rancho Deluxe. (The Aleuts are the indigenous people of the Aleutian Islands off Alaska; animism is a belief in the spiritual qualities inherent in animals, objects, and places; Emperor of the North and Rancho Deluxe are actual movies from those years, but no stuntperson called C. Rodd is listed in the credits; however, Rancho Deluxe does feature actor Harry Dean Stanton, who also plays Rodd in Twin Peaks!)

   Page 146 reveals that Rodd is not only the manager, but also part owner of Fat Trout Trailer Park.

   Page 146 also describes Rodd as having a reputation as a sensitive, caring, and generous soul. This doesn't really sound like the Carl Rodd we see in Fire Walk With this another discrepancy? It's hard to say, as we don't get to know the man well enough in his few brief scenes in the movie.


In footnote #5 on page 147, Agent TP states that Fat Trout Trailer Park is outside of Twin Peaks on the way to Wind River. Is Wind River a town? Fire Walk With Me gives the impression that the trailer park is in Deer Meadow. The footnote also states that Wind River was part of an ongoing FBI investigation during the late '80s and early '90s, with a file classified at the highest order that she has not been able to obtain clearance to examine...presumably a Blue Rose case! Is the case that of the Deer Meadow murder of Teresa Banks and disappearance of Agent Desmond from Fire Walk With Me?


Page 147 reveals that Carl Rodd apparently had an occasional slug appear in the letters section of the Twin Peaks Post called "Carl Said It". A few of the things he said are: "It's all connected," "What is, is. What was, was," and "All there is is now." These three sayings sound like they could be references to variations in the timeline.


The photograph of the Owl Cave petroglyph on page 147 is flipped from the way it actually appears in the TV series. (Thanks to Christian H. for pointing this out.)


On page 148, Agent TP mentions the phenomenon of "reverse speech". This is a belief by some that the human brain subconsciously produces hidden messages in speech that can be revealed when recorded and played backward. Recall that beings residing in the Red Room speak in a backwards-speech-played-in-reverse pattern.


Despite her skeptical nature, Agent TP admits on page 148 that she doesn't like owls. Could it be that she has repressed memories of an abduction experience of her own?


A creepy image of an alien face superimposed over an owl's head is presented on page 149.



On pages 150-151, a photo of (presumably) Ghostwood Forest in fog is presented. But why? There is no caption to it and the pages immediately preceding and following don't mention the forest in particular.


Page 152 discusses the 1947 "Estimate of the Situation" report produced within Project Sign concluding that UFOs were most likely of extraterrestrial origin, but was rejected by the Air Force Chief of Staff, General Hoyt Vandenberg. There are reports of the existence of this report by reputable members of the Air Force in a position to be "in the know", but the Air Force has long denied its existence and no copy of it has been found. Project Sign's official final report in 1949 stated some UFOs appeared to represent actual aircraft but there was not enough data to determine their origin.


As stated here, Project Sign ended and became Project Grudge in 1949, with what some say is a purpose of debunking UFO reports.


Page 155 gives the address of the Twin Peaks Town Council as 11 Main Avenue South, Twin Peaks, WA 98045. The zip code used here is actually for the area around North Bend, WA, where many of the exterior shots of the TV series were filmed. At least two other zip codes have been used for Twin Peaks: Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town gives the Twin Peaks zip code as 99153 and Episode 25: "On the Wings of Love" has a postcard from James to Donna with the zip code showing 59219 (which is actually Dagmar, Montana).


Robert Jacoby is shown to have written a book in 1984 about the history of Twin Peaks titled Oh, What a Tangled Web... The title is borrowed from a line in the 1818 epic poem "Marmion" by Walter Scott, the full line being "Oh, what a tangled web we weave When first we practise to deceive!"


Page 155 states that the Twin Peaks Gazette changed its name to the Twin Peaks Post in 1970.


Page 157 gives James Packard, the son of a Boston shipping family, as the founder of the Packard Mill in 1890. This matches the information previously presented in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town. He is said to have attended Harvard before that (the Access Guide states that he attended both Harvard and Yale, a bit unusual in that the two schools are notorious rivals).


Friedrich Weyerhaeuser and the "Weyerhaeuser Syndicate" of timber companies mentioned on page 157 were real. The Packard Timber Company is said to have joined the syndicate.


On page 157, the Northern Pacific Railway is said to have built a spur line to from Spokane to the Packard mill.


This book has a number of differences about the Martell family from what is described in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town. On pages 157-158, the Martells are said to be descended from French fur trappers who worked the area around 1850. The family is said to have founded their mill three years before Packard. In the Access Guide, the Martells are said to have arrived in the area in 1891 and to have built their mill to compete with the Packard Mill. It's possible that the Access Guide was written with a biased slant against the Martells and towards the Packards, as the beginning of the guide states that Andrew Packard left some of his money for printing the access guide to the town and he requested that his personal friend, Richard Saul Wurman, be made editor-in-chief of the publication. Of course, it's also possible that Robert Jacoby's description of the Martell/Packard history in the pages of Oh, What a Tangled Web... is biased in the opposing direction!


During the annual Lumber Days Festival in October 1914, Thomas Packard was accosted outside the Grange Hall's annual square dance by Ersel Martell and Jean Jacques Renault. Renault is said to later become the head of the infamous Renault Gang crime clan in Canada; during the time of the original TV series, we of course meet crime brothers Jean Renault and Jacques Renault (along with brother Bernard). A Grange Hall is a building used for meetings of the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, which often hosts community events as well.


The fortunes of the Martell Mill ended during the Depression in 1933 and Zebulon Martell found himself selling the Martell land and timber rights to Thomas Packard. However, Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town, names the two men as Nealith Martell and Ezekial Packard.


Page 159 states that Orville Horne arrived in Twin Peaks in 1905 and opened a general store there, by the 1920s becoming Horne's Department Store (but, in Episode 3:_"Rest in Pain", Audrey tells Cooper that her father named his department store after himself). Orville's father, Danville, had become a millionaire with his own mercantile company in San Francisco during the California gold rush; the California gold rush lasted from 1848-1855.


The Horne family were the principal investors in the Bijou Opera House of Twin Peaks when it was built in 1918 and it hosted stars such as opera legend Enrico Caruso and musician Paderewski (Ignacy Jan Paderewski), and it also served as a vaudeville house on the Orpheum circuit, with the Marx Brothers and W.C. Fields performing there. These were all real world stars in the first half of the 20th Century. A slightly different story of the opera house is told in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town, but the two are not irreconcilable. Both sources state that Caruso performed there. Vaudeville is a type of travelling variety show performed live. The Orpheum Circuit was a chain of theaters that hosted various entertainment acts across the U.S. and Canada.


Page 160 states that the Bijou showed The Jazz Singer in 1929. The Jazz Singer is a 1927 musical film and was the first full-length "talkie".


The photo of the Bijou on page 160 shows the theater's marquee advertising Northwest Passage, starring Robert Young and Spencer Tracy. This is an actual film from 1940. "Northwest Passage" was also the working title of the TV series used by Lynch and Frost before they decided upon Twin Peaks, so a little in-joke placed here by Frost.


Coincidentally (or suspiciously), the Sawmill River Lodge burned down the week before the brand new Great Northern Hotel opened.


In his book Oh, What a Tangled Web..., Robert Jacoby mentions America's tension during WWII due to the threat of Japanese attack from the west and infiltrating Hun saboteurs from the north. The Japanese mention is a pretty straightforward reference to American fears during the war. The "Hun" reference is not as well-recognized today, but "Hun" was a term sometimes used (especially in Allied propaganda) for the Germans, comparing them to the "barbarian hordes" of Attila the Hun, the 5th Century warlord.


Page 161 mentions the local premiere of 49th Parallel at the Bijou in 1941. 49th Parallel is an actual 1941 film. The 49th parallel of latitude also forms much of the U.S.-Canada border.


    Page 161 reveals that Frederick Truman was sheriff of Twin Peaks during WWII and he formed the Citizens Brigade during that time (later called the Bookhouse Boys). The Brigade met at the Bookhouse. This seems to contradict, to an extent, Harry's telling of the history of the Bookhouse Boys to Cooper in Episode 3: "Rest in Pain". There, Harry says they've been meeting at the Bookhouse for only "the past 20 years." But he also says their job of keeping the darkness in the woods in check was being done by men before them and men before them, for as long as anyone can remember. Can the townspeople only remember back to the 1940s? I would suspect that the society has existed in some form for some time, long before Frederick Truman made it semi-public as the Citizens Brigade.

   In the book Conversations With Mark Frost by David Bushman, an old letter from Mark Frost to his literary agent is reprinted, describing his ideas to write a Twin Peaks novel while the original TV series was still in production. In the letter, he mentions the Bookhouse Boys having been founded by Andrew Packard instead.


Page 161 states that the Bookhouse is located on Highway 21 and was formerly a one-room schoolhouse and then a library. But the map in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town marks it on Main Street, not Highway 21.


Page 161 also states that there is a WWII memorial in Town Square "across from the Giant Log." The giant log is seen in the opening titles of the series' pilot episode (actually located in Snoqualmie, WA).


Page 162 reveals that besides Harry, Frederick Truman also had a son named Franklin (named for President Franklin Roosevelt).


Franklin Truman served in the Green Berets in Vietnam, then entered law enforcement in western Washington. The Green Berets are U.S. Army Special Forces personnel who conduct missions of unconventional warfare, foreign internal defense, special reconnaissance, direct action, and counter-terrorism.


Page 162 briefly relates the 1968 season of the Twin Peaks High School football team, headed by Coach Bobo Hobson, with its starting roster of Frank Truman, Harry Truman, Ed Hurley, Tommy "Hawk" Hill, Henry "Hank" Jennings, Thad "Toad" Barker, and Jerry Horne. Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town lists further members of the team, but omits Frank Truman (I guess that character hadn't been thought up yet!). The team went far, but lost the Washington State championship game to the Kettle Falls Cougars; Kettle Falls is a real city in Washington, but they don't appear to have a Cougars school team.


The union of the Packard and Martell dynasties is compared to the Bard's Romeo and Juliet on page 162. "The Bard" is a nickname often given to William Shakespeare that originated with actor David Garrick in 1769. Romeo and Juliet, of course, is probably Shakespeare's most well-known play, with a storyline about two feuding families whose two children fall in love with each other.


Pete Martell is said to be the son of Ersel Martell, however, once again Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town gives Pete's father the name of Nealith.


Pete was winner of six straight Lumberjack of the Year awards at the Packard Mill. He married Catherine in 1958.


Page 162 states that Catherine Packard attended Sarah Lawrence. Presumably this refers to Sarah Lawrence College, a liberal arts college in New York. Afterwards, she'd had plans to study in Europe, but canceled them to marry Pete.


On page 166, the Archivist compares the Packards to the Capulets and the Martells to the Montagues, a reference to the two families in Romeo and Juliet, and then uses the more modern comparisons of the Packards to the Vanderbilts and the Martells to the Kramdens. This refers to the Vanderbilt family, a rich and successful American family originally from the Netherlands. The Kramdens are the American working-class family that appeared in the 1955-56 sitcom The Honeymooners. The Archivist also refers to Pete and Catherine as "star-crossed lovers", a phrase used in the prologue of Romeo and Juliet.


The Archivist describes Pete as "a well-liked and simple fellow; Pete played checkers, not chess." Of course, we know in the TV series that Pete was actually a near grandmaster of chess. Is the Archivist (Briggs) intentionally playing down Pete's intelligence for some reason?


The Archivist refers to Catherine as the Lady MacBeth of the Sawmill. Lady MacBeth is the manipulative and power-hungry wife of Lord MacBeth in Shakespeare's MacBeth.


On page 166, the Archivist states that Pete, after a few single-malt scotches, admitted, "Catherine is plain hell to live with." This may suggest that Pete had once had a drinking habit that he eventually stopped; in Episode 13: "Demons", Pete orders only a glass of milk at the bar at the Great Northern. Pete also admitted to Harry that Catherine "is plain hell to live with" in Episode 8B: "Answers in Dreams".


On page 168, the Archivist refers to Catherine as possessing "an icy Titian beauty and the temperament to match" and states that a local wag referred to her as "a Packard by name, a Medici by inclination." "Titian" refers to the colorful paintings of the 16th Century Venetian painter Titian (1488-1576). The Medicis were a politically powerful Italian banking family throughout Europe from the 15th-18th centuries.


Footnote 1 on page 168 reveals that Cooper had cataloged all of the books in the Bookhouse.


According to Footnote 1 on page 168, the pages of "The Packard Case" file found on the shelves of the Bookhouse were typed on an Underwood typewriter that resides in the Bookhouse. Underwood Typewriter Company was a manufacturer of typewriters from 1895-1959.


It seems that Agent Cooper is the author of "The Packard Case" file found in the Bookhouse based on comments within. It is dated 3/15/89. This is also the date on which Episode 18: "Masked Ball" takes place.


Andrew Packard met and fell in love with Josie in Hong Kong at a state-sponsored mixer at the Hong Kong Trade Center in 1983 and returned to Twin Peaks with her that same year. In the book Conversations With Mark Frost by David Bushman, an old letter from Mark Frost to his literary agent is reprinted, describing his ideas to write a Twin Peaks novel while the original TV series was still in production. In the letter, Andrew is said to have had three local wives before marrying Josie. In addition, Andrew's sister, Catherine, who went on to marry Pete Martell, is said to have carried a Freudian torch for her brother, "good grist for the mill". This "torch" may explain Catherine's extreme devotion to Andrew and her passionless marriage to Pete in TV series.


Page 171 states that Pete's management job at the Packard Mill was largely ceremonial, but he was well paid for it.


Pete made it his project to teach Josie English, which she learned extremely quickly, suggesting she may have disguised already knowing the language. In The Secret Diary of Laura Palmer, Laura writes that she tutored Josie in English for a time as well.


Josie was using the alias Josette Mai Wong when she met Andrew. Her real name is Li Chun Fung which means "upright autumn bird".


Pages 172-173 are from an Interpol file from Singapore on Josie. Interpol is the shorthand name of the International Criminal Police Organization. The Interpol emblem seen in the file is the actual emblem of the organization.


Josie's Interpol file relates a lot more of her history and criminal background than we received in the TV series.

  • She was born on September 2, 1956 in Guangzhou Province, China.

  • Her height is 5'6", and weight 105 lbs.

  • Her father was a Red Pole enforcer in the Siu-wong triad who rose to the position of Deputy Mountain Master; she was raised by him and trained in criminality and ran her own drug and prostitution ring at the age of 16. A triad is an organized crime unit in China. As far as I can tell, there is no triad known as Siu-wong. "Red Pole" and "Deputy Mountain Master" are actual ranks within a triad.

  • Besides her criminal training, she also attended an exclusive boarding school in Shanghai.

  • Josie's mother was a "legendarily beautiful" prostitute known as the Lace Butterfly.

  • After graduation from the boarding school, Josie founded her own fashion label (also using it as a cover for cocaine sales and distribution).

  • Josie is fluent in six languages and has as many aliases in different countries.

  • She is believed to have killed her own father in order to inherit his criminal operations (which put Josie herself on the triad's hit list and she disappeared)


Page 173 mentions the Peking Opera. "Peking opera" is a style of Chinese opera that includes acrobatics, dance, and mime.


Page 174 states that Thomas Eckhardt was a South African émigré (explaining why his assistant Ms. Jones asks to speak to the South African consulate upon her arrest in Episode 25: "On the Wings of Love").


Page 174 mentions Chanel No. 5. This is a famous variety of perfume made by Chanel.


The powerboat that blew up and caused Andrew Packard's "first death" was a Chris-Craft Sportsman.


In Footnote #6 on page 178, Agent TP remarks that the "first death" of Andrew Packard is strikingly similar to the plot of the film Body Heat. Body Heat is a 1981 erotic thriller written and directed by Lawrence Kasdan; it does feature a similar boathouse "accident" in which the victim may not actually be dead.


Hank was jailed for a hit-and-run on the highway in order to provide an alibi for him just before the boat explosion.


Hank's mother, Jolene, worked as a waitress at the RR Diner for 35 years.


Hank had a love for American literature, his favorite authors being (Jack) Kerouac, Irwin Shaw, Raymond Chandler, and James M. Cain. These were all actual American authors.


The Twin Peaks Gazette article about Hank's bizarre fumble in the 1968 Washington state high school championship football game on page 180 has Frank Truman saying, "It's almost a crime what happened out there," hinting at a suspicion that Hank had fixed the game.


A portion of another article is seen at the bottom of the one described above, about a go-cart crash on trail 6F near Parker Road.


Hank started driving a brand-new cherry red Chevy pickup a few months after the infamous football fumble.


Page 181 states that Hank worked as a short order cook at the RR as a young man.


Page 181 mentions Perry Mason. Perry Mason is a fictional criminal defense lawyer in novels, movies, and television since 1933, created by Erle Stanley Gardner.


Page 182 states that Big Ed had an uncle who lost two fingers working at the Packard sawmill.


Norma's family history seems to be quite a bit different from that presented in the original TV series. Her maiden name here is Lindstrom (not Blackburn) and her parents are Marty and Ilsa Lindstrom. No mention of sister Annie is made.


The RR Diner was opened in 1938 as the Railroad Diner by Marty Lindstrom. The "Marty" name is a play on the "Mar T" name of the actual diner location used when the original TV series was shot there.


Page 187 reveals that Big Ed joined the army during the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War and was trained at Fort Dix. He spent his two-year hitch in the command HQ motor pool in Saigon (presumably due to his automotive repair skills). Saigon is now known as Ho Chi Minh City, located in southern Vietnam.


Page 187 states that Norma had stuttered as a child and suffered low self-esteem.


Cooper describes Hank on page 187 as a sociopath who is able to simulate sincere emotions without feeling them.


Page 187 states that Norma attended community college. The Twin Peaks card set (card #32) mentions that she attended Twin Peaks Community College.


The story of Ed and Norma's courtship and her marriage to Hank as told by Cooper here differs from the one Ed told in Episode 8B: "Answers in Dreams".


Hank and Norma were married at the Chapel in the Woods. Presumably this is a wedding chapel in or near Twin Peaks. The two honeymooned in San Francisco and also drove to Los Angeles and attended a taping of The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson.


Norma's studies were geared towards becoming a nurse, but illnesses in her and Hank's family led to her taking over management of the RR Diner.


The Hollywood postcard sent by Norma to her parents on her honeymoon is an actual postcard available around 1948. I don't know if it would have been easily available at the time it was supposed to have been sent, 1969. The postcard presents artistic images of Griffith Observatory, the Hollywood Bowl, Grauman's Chinese Theater, Hollywood Blvd., and NBC Studios in Burbank.


    The Tonight Show episode that Norma describes she and Hank having attended appears to have been the April 15, 1969 episode judging by her mention of Victor Buono's appearance and the April 17 cancellation stamp on the postcard. However, she also says that Sammy Davis, Jr. appeared on the show she saw, but records do not indicate he was on that episode.

    The 90028 on the cancellation stamp is a legitimate zip code for Hollywood. 

    Erroneously, the post card has a "First Man on the Moon" stamp on it months before the moon landing took place! Mark Frost was asked about this at a book signing (i.e. is it a clue?). Frost responded it was a mistake and took responsibility for the error. The moon landing took place on July 20 and the stamp shown in the book was issued in September. But some fans have questioned the reliability of Frost's comments about the moon landing date considering there is another erroneous date for it (July 8) in Episode 7: "The Last Evening"! 


PopApostle reader Christian H. points out this postcard has a different stamp on it in the trailer for book...but still one that is out date, even more so, being a stamp commemorating Expo '74 in Spokane, WA.
Stamp from the Secret History trailer Expo '74 stamp
Stamp on Norma's postcard in the trailer for the book Expo '74 stamp


Norma's postcard indicates that her parents lived on 508 Parker Road in Twin Peaks at the time of her marriage. The zip code is listed as 98065, yet another zip code for Twin Peaks from those listed earlier! This zip code is actually for Snoqualmie, WA.


On page 191, Cooper states that when Norma took over management of the RR, she added a bakery next door to bake her mother's famous pie recipes, eventually even selling them by mail order. This is probably a reference to the real world Mar-T cafe (later Twede's) that had so many Twin Peaks fans ordering cherry pies there that they had to hire extra pie cooks and even received mail order requests for the pies.


Cooper also states that Norma designed the aqua and white waitress uniforms worn at the RR.


Norma's father died in 1978 and her mother in 1984.


Page 196 states that Big Ed returned to Twin Peaks from Vietnam after the fall of Saigon in 1975. The fall of Saigon marked the end of the Vietnam War and the unification of North and South Vietnam under a communist regime.


Page 196 also reveals that Hawk served in Vietnam as a gunner on a PBR patrolling the Saigon River. PBR stands for Patrol Boat, River.


According to Hawk, Big Ed returned to Twin Peaks still carrying "a Statue of Liberty-sized torch for Norma" and moped about her like "a twelve-year-old Girl Scout who lost her cookies". The Girl Scouts of America are known for selling cookies to raise money for their scouting activities.


Hawk affectionately uses the euphemisms "SOB" and "beaucoup dinky-dow" to describe Big Ed. SOB stands for "son of a bitch" and "beaucoup dinky-dow" is a corruption of a French and Vietnamese term for someone who is whacko.


Hawk comments that there was plenty of nookie for Ed to get besides the taken Norma. "Nookie" is a slang term for sex.


Hawk states that Ed once referred to a Frankie Valli tearjerker as his and Norma's song. Valli is an American singer active since the 1950s.


Hawk mentions the Mekong and Queen for a Day on page 196. The Mekong is a river that runs through several Asian countries, including Vietnam. Queen for a Day was an American radio and television game show geared towards women from 1945-1964.


Hawk was sent home from Vietnam 6 months ahead of Big Ed due to a VC shrapnel injury incurred to his gluteus maximus. VC stands for "Viet Cong", the communist rebel army of South Vietnam. The gluteus maximus is a hip muscle. Hawk remarks that the new lieutenant nearly introduced everyone on his PBR to "the Beautiful Round-eyed woman who takes you to the Big Base Camp." This was a phrase used in the military by soldiers in Vietnam to refer to death.


Big Ed has a brother named Billy who is the father of James.


Hawk says that Big Ed could assemble a Volkswagen blindfolded and calls him the "engine whisperer". Hawk is referring to the phenomenon of individuals who are said to the able to "speak" to certain types of animals and make them do what he/she wants or to remain calm when they would normally be panicked, e.g. a horse whisperer, dog whisperer...even a "ghost whisperer"!


On page 197, Hawk mentions Big Ed having an Olympia in one hand and Catch-22 in the other. Olympia is a brand of beer once brewed in Washington, now brewed in California. Catch-22 is a 1961 satirical novel by Joseph Heller. Heller did serve in the U.S. Army, just as Ed suspects in these pages.


Page 197 mentions that James is not a reader, with Big Ed trying to get him interested in Twain, Tarzan, and Doc Savage. "Twain" refers to author Mark Twain (1835-1910); Tarzan is the world-famous character of a man who was raised by apes in the African jungle, created by Edgar Rice Burroughs in 1912; and Doc Savage is a character who has appeared in pulp magazines, novels, movies, and comic books since 1933.


On page 198, Hawk reveals that it was Frank Truman who gave him the nickname of "Tommy Hawk", which he resented, commenting, "back then, white people still found condescending shit like that funny." I'm not sure who came up with the "Hawk" nickname for the character on the series, but this remark seems to be a bit of self-recrimination from author Frost.


Hawk also mentions F Troop and the dislocation of having "a Jewish guy named Jeff Cochise". F Troop was a 1965-1967 satirical TV series about a U.S. cavalry fort and native Americans in the 1860s. Jeff Chandler was a Jewish actor from Brooklyn who played Cochise (and was Oscar-nominated for the roll) in the 1950 film Broken Arrow.


Page 198 reveals that Hawk considered moving to Alaska and working on a deep-sea fishing trawler, but was talked out of it by a shrink at the VA. The VA is the Veterans Administration, more formally known as the United States Department of Veterans Affairs. He accepted a deputy position under Sheriff Frank Truman instead.


Footnote #2 on page 198 states:

  • Hawk is a full-blooded Nez Perce. The Twin Peaks card set of 1991 states that Hawk is a Zuni and the son of a Zuni shaman. The Zuni are a Native American tribe of New Mexico/Arizona. It certainly makes more sense that he would be from a tribe native to the American northwest like the Nez Perce. Is he then the son of a Nez Perce shaman?

  • Hawk's father was named Henry, a tree-topper for the Packard Mill, which the Department of Labor lists as the most dangerous job in the world. I'm not sure if this is strictly true, but a Bureau of Labor Statistics survey put logging as the most dangerous job in America in 2004. Possibly the name "Henry Hill" was inspired by the animated character of Henry "Hank" Hill on the 1997-2010 animated sitcom King of the Hill.


Here, Nadine's maiden name is Gertz; in the original TV series, it was Butler. She was a gymnast in school. She worked as a seamstress for a time in Spokane.


Big Ed met Nadine when she drove her father's John Deere tractor to the Gas Farm for repairs and Ed accidentally backed into her with a tow truck as they were both pulling in.


On page 200, Hawk refers to Ed and Nadine, on their first meeting, as being stuck to each other like Siamese twins. The term "Siamese twins" refers to conjoined twins, the term originating from the conjoined twins from Siam, Chang and Eng Bunker (1811-1874).


James' favorite book is Charlotte's Web. This is a an actual children's book by E.B. White from 1952.


Ed and Nadine were married at the Chapel in the Woods, the same chapel Norma and Hank were married at.


Page 201 mentions the Young Rascals. This was an American rock band from 1965 onward (most commonly known as simply the Rascals).


Deputy Andy alleges that Nadine had a nervous breakdown when they went to school together in tenth grade. Nadine spent time at a mental health facility and returned to school about 6 months later claiming to have been a foreign exchange student in France during that time.


Page 201 reveals that Nadine's father had a little money from having invented an industrial flame retardant. This goes towards Nadine wanting to invent silent drape runners in episodes of the TV series.


In this version of Nadine's story, she accidentally got her eye shot out by Big Ed when she was spying on him during a bird hunt with Harry (not on their honeymoon as related in the TV series).


The photo of Ed and Norma "at the RR" on page 203 is actually a shot of them at the Roadhouse from Episode 0B: "Northwest Passage".


Page 204 states that Dr. Jacoby returned to Twin Peaks from Hawaii after his mother died in 1981. By this point he had written a series of controversial articles and a book, The Eye of God: Sacred Psychology in the Aboriginal Mind, published by Kurtis Books, a division of Amesley Publishing. This is a fictitious publisher.


In his discussion of Jacoby's book, the Archivist mentions Margaret Mead. Mead (1901-1978) was an anthropologist who had studied South Pacific cultures, just as Jacoby did for his book.


Jacoby was briefly married to the daughter of an aboriginal chief in the South Pacific or South America.


The back cover of Jacoby's book features quotes from Dr. Timothy Leary, Jerry Garcia, and Meher Baba. Leary (1920-1996) was an American psychologist who was known for advocating the use of psychedelic drugs in therapy. Garcia (1942-1995) was an American singer-songwriter in the band the Grateful Dead and also known for his drug use. Baba (1894-1969) was an Indian spiritual leader who took a vow of silence from July 1925 until his death in 1969; his quote on the book cover, "I'm speechless" is a joke in reference to his vow of silence.


Jacoby's back cover states he is a Jungian psychiatrist. Jungian psychology (also known as analytical psychology) is psychological therapy that emphasizes the individual and that individual's search for their own authenticity or conscious self, originated by Swiss psychologist Carl Jung (1875-1961).


The back cover photo of Dr. Jacoby is stated to be by Harvey Trufant. Notice that the photo is tinted half-red and half-blue, like the glasses he wears.


In his book, Jacoby describes using ayahuasca. Ayahuasca is a psychogenic concoction brewed from plant materials by indigenous tribes of the Amazon.


On page 209, the Archivist remarks that Jacoby's book enjoys a cult status to this day.


One of the reasons Dr. Jacoby returned to Twin Peaks was to care for his brother, Robert, who was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.


Nadine's birth date is January 25, 1950.


    In his 1987 report on Nadine's condition, Dr. Jacoby mixes a couple of quotes together from "Beatle Paul with St. Paul" using "the road to Damascus is long and winding." He is referring to St. Paul from the Bible and Paul McCartney, member of the 1960-1970 rock band the Beatles. St. Paul was on the road to Damascus when the resurrected Jesus appeared before him. And Paul McCartney wrote a song for the Beatles called "The Long and Winding Road".

   Nadine's mother was diagnosed as a manic-depressive 10 years earlier (about 1977) and assigned for psychiatric care to "a former fort built in 1871." The asylum Jacoby refers to is Western State Hospital, built as Fort Steilacoom in 1849 (Jacoby's reference to "Western Psychiatric" on page 212 is to Western State Hospital). Thorazine was used in her treatment; Thorazine is the brand name of chlorpromazine in the U.S., an antipsychotic used to treat schizophrenia. Dr. Jacoby states that she died about five years ago (1982).


On page 212, Jacoby mentions "Miltowns". Miltown is one of the brand names of meprobamate, a low-level tranquilizer.


In the report, Jacoby proposes to treat Nadine with Rolfing "to release the patterns locked into her fascia." Rolfing is a type of hands-on physical manipulation of the patient's body to align the body's energy with that of the Earth's gravitational field. The technique is generally considered quackery by the medical establishment.


As Dr. Jacoby's report continues on page 213, the first three sentences of paragraph 2 are partially reprinted within each other. Presumably, this is just a printing mistake and not meant to be interpreted as the way it was typed by Dr. Jacoby. (PopApostle reader Christian H. points out that this "mistake" is repeated in the audio version of the book in Russ Tamblyn's reading of the passage!)


On page 213, Dr. Jacoby remarks on his theory that glasses with one red polarized lens for the right eye and one blue polarized lens for the left would slightly suppress the activity of the right (intuitive) and left (logical) hemispheres of the brain, increasing activity in the corpus callosum and allowing the two sides of the brain to work together more easily. The corpus callosum is a bundle of neural fibers that connects the two hemispheres and allows communication between them. Jacoby is, of course, seen wearing glasses with these colored lenses in the TV series.


Page 216 reveals that Andrew Packard had an alternate identity of Anton David Walbrook of Seattle. He apparently used the identity to travel to and from Hong Kong. Possibly the name "Anton Walbrook" is borrowed from the Austrian actor of the same name (1896-1967) who worked out of the UK.


Footnote #3 on page 218 has Agent TP stating that Cooper was wearing a Kevlar vest when he was shot by Josie, expecting the assault. But in the episode in which the assault happened, Episode 7: "The Last Evening", Cooper was wearing the vest because he was just in on the takedown of Jacques Renault with the Twin Peaks Sheriff's department, not because he was expecting a personal assault from Josie or anyone else.


On page 219, Harry's note about Josie's death in Eckhardt's room at the Great Northern (Episode 23: "The Condemned Woman") has him guessing her heart finally failed, broken to pieces by all the lies she'd been living for so long. He also remarks that "she already felt like a ghost," possibly an intimation of her body found to weigh only 65 pounds by the coroner, much less than that it should have in Episode 24: "Wounds and Scars".


On page 220, Dr. Hayward's autopsy report on Josie Packard is dated March 11, 1989. But Josie's death did not occur until March 20th in Episode 23: "The Condemned Woman"!


    The Twin Peaks Post article about the explosion at the Twin Peaks Savings and Loan on pages 223-224 is dated Tuesday, March 28, 1989. This does not quite match correctly with the day of the explosion as seen in Episode 29: "Beyond Life and Death", which would have been Monday, March 27. The article reveals the fates of the characters in the bank at the time, with Pete, Andrew, and Del Mibbler all killed and Audrey injured and in critical condition at Calhoun Memorial Hospital.

   The article reveals that Del Mibbler's full first name is Delbert. 

    A partially visible article title on the front page of the Post seems to read "Wagon Wheel Bakery Opens Second Location". In Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town, Wagon Wheel Bakery is said to be the source of the donuts eaten at the Sheriff's station.

   On the second page of the Post article, the partial headline of "Mystery Objects Seen in Air over..." can be made out.


On page 225, the Archivist states that Catherine grieved for the loss of her brother Andrew and husband Pete and became a recluse, alone at Blue Pine Lodge. Footnote #2 on this page states that Catherine sold the Packard Mill and its lands to Ben Horne.


    The sale of real estate contract on page 227 reveals that Ben's middle name is Joseph.

    The contract shows that the sale of the Packard Mill land to Ben was made on March 23, 1989. This does not match the timeline already laid out of Andrew dying on March 27 or 28th.

   The contract states it was made and recorded by Honorable M.J. Kaffee, Esq. of Timber Lull County. The same Hon. M.J. Kaffee Esq., County of Timber Lull is seen on the Ghostwood Estates contract between Horne Development Corp. and the Icelanders in Episode 7: "The Last Evening". The notary seal on the document is from Mary Jo Plutnik. Are the two M.J.'s one and the same despite the difference in last name? Or just a "coincidence"?

   The address of the Twin Peaks Registrar on the document is the same as the one seen in the document seen in Episode 7: "The Last Evening" except that the zip code here shows as 98065 (instead of 83717).


    Audrey's note to her father on pages 229-230 seem to indicate that her act of "civil disobedience" at the Twin Peaks Savings and Loan was part of a plan to stop her father's Ghostwood Development project, rather than associated with her father's "save the pine weasel" campaign as seen in the original TV series.

    Audrey also mentions her father's possible plans for a prison as part of the development. This would seem to be a nod to the proposed maximum security prison facility in the area mentioned in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town.


    Ben Horne's birth date of August 4, 1940 on Dr. Jacoby's psychiatric report is the same as that given in the Twin Peaks card set of 1991.

    The report is dated March 22, 1989. This is a couple of days after Ben's fantasized victory over the Northern troops in the U.S. Civil War as seen in Episode 22: "Slaves and Masters". Jacoby's statements here suggest that Ben's "victory" never occurred and that Jacoby is planning to help enact the South's surrender at Appomattox shortly instead. In footnote #5 on page 233, Agent TP states that the doctor's later patient files reveal that Ben did eventually "surrender at Appomattox" and find his way back to health.


On page 234, the Archivist states that Jean Renault was shot and killed by Agent Cooper in an FBI-DEA sting operation outside of Twin Peaks. This occurred in Episode 20: "Checkmate", at Dead Dog Farm. The description here is the first indication that Dead Dog Farm lies outside of Twin Peaks. DEA is the Drug Enforcement Administration.


After being taken back into custody for parole violations in Episode 23: "The Condemned Woman", Hank was sentenced to 25 years in prison at Walla Walla. But he was knifed by a distant cousin of the Renault family in the prison weight room and died shortly after, confessing to all his assorted crimes on his deathbed. Hank is said to have been the last of the Jennings clan in Twin Peaks.


The photo of Hank on page 234 purports to be of his last day at the RR, but it is a shot from Episode 5: "Cooper's Dreams", far from his final appearance there. 


Pages 236-237 show a shelf in the Bookhouse that houses the favorite books of the Bookhouse Boys (+ Lucy because she buys all the books). These are all real books, though Toad's R. Crumb Sketch Book may be a mock-up, as it purports to be Crumb's sketches from Nov. 1974 to Jan. 1978, but the official volumes of his sketches are not bound by a volume covering those exact dates.
  Hawk: Fear and Loathing: On the Campaign Trail '72 by Hunter S. Thompson
  Andy: The World According to Garp by John Irving
  James: Charlotte's Web by E.B. White
  Lucy: The Stand by Stephen King
  Harry: To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
  Big Ed: Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance by Robert M. Persig
  Frank Truman: Angle of Repose by Wallace Stegner
  Cooper: The Warren Commission Report: Report of the President's Commission on the Assassination of President John F. Kennedy
  Cappy: The Boys of Summer by Roger Kahn
  Toad: R. Crumb Sketch Book Nov. 1974 to Jan. 1978
  Hank: Double Indemnity by James M. Cain


The 1949 letter to General Twining from Congressman Richard Nixon on page 240 has him mentioning his membership on the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC). He also mentions the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. The HUAC existed as an investigative committee of the U.S. House of Representatives from 1938-1975 to investigate citizens and organizations suspected of having Nazi, Fascist, or Communist ties. Nixon was, in fact, a congressman and member of HUAC in 1949.


The Archivist finds that Douglas Milford had connections to L. Ron Hubbard (1911-1986) and Jack Parsons (1914-1952). These were both real historical figures and they did indeed engage in occult rituals, similar to what is suggested in the book. Hubbard was also the founder of the Church of Scientology.


Hubbard was born in the small town of Tilden, Nebraska, as stated here. In an article in the December 1950 issue of Look magazine, Hubbard commented on the same ailments he suffered from as are listed in Nixon's interview of him here. The photo of Hubbard on page 242 is from a 1950 issue of the Los Angeles Daily News.


Jack Parsons' mansion home in Pasadena was known locally as the Parsonage, just as stated by Hubbard on page 243; it was located on Orange Grove Boulevard in Pasadena as stated on page 246. He was a member of English ceremonial magician Aleister Crowley's new religion called Thelema, which invokes a number of individual deities. Crowley (1875-1947) was called by some of his detractors, hyperbolically, "the most evil man in the world", as Hubbard relates in his interview (some also referred to him as the Beast, as mentioned on page 247).


Nixon served in the Navy Reserve, as stated on page 244.


Hubbard's field report on Jack Parsons on pages 245-250 is typed on stationary from U.S. Naval Air Station Point Mugu, CA. This is an actual air station.


    Parsons' "Suicide Squad" of engineers and scientists was real. They were called the Suicide Squad due to the dangerous nature of their rocket experiments.

    I have been unable to confirm that Parsons referred to "rocket fuel" that he and his team concocted as "alchemical elixirs" (as stated by Hubbard on page 245).

    Hubbard describes Parsons as a fan of Jules Verne (1828-1905) and H.G. Wells (1866-1946) in his youth. This appears to have been true.

    Parsons was associated with Caltech for much of his career. 

    Hubbard describes Parsons has having a Barrymore mustache. This is a reference to American actor John Barrymore (1882-1942). He describes Parsons has having the "louche air of a sybarite". "Louche" means dubious or shady; "sybarite" is a person devoted to pleasure. Hubbard goes on to refer to Parsons as a Pied Piper to his houseguests' illicit behavior; this is a reference to the Pied Piper of Hamelin, a character in a German fairy tale who was hired by the town of Hamelin to lure away the local rat infestation with the notes of his magic flute.

    Hubbard describes Parsons' room as decorated with swords, Tarot symbols, pagan artwork, a skull-shaped altar, and life-sized statue of the demi-god Pan. I'm not able to confirm all of these, but Parsons did have a statue of Pan and a collection of daggers and swords in his room at the Parsonage. Pan is the Ancient Greek god of the wild in the form of the half-man, half-goat satyr.

    Parsons was known for chanting "Ode to Pan". This is a poem written by Aleister Crowley, but I've been unable to track down the words.


Footnote #4 on page 248 states that the Parsonage was originally built by Caltech benefactor Arthur Fleming, a lumber baron, with high-grade lumber from the region around Twin Peaks. Fleming (1856-1940) was a real world lumber tycoon and benefactor of Caltech. I've been unable to confirm whether the Parasonage mansion was built by him, but it is highly possible, as he did build other mansions on Orange Grove Boulevard, which came to be known for a time as Millionaire's Row.


Footnote #5 on page 248 has Agent TP mentioning that Crowley was a notorious drug addict. Crowley was known to use recreational drugs.


In footnote #6 on page 248, Agent TP suggests that Crowley's Thelema religion was appropriated from a 16th Century Rabelais novel. This refers to Gargantua and Pantagruel, a pentalogy of novels by François Rabelais in which the Abbey of Thelema plays a part, an anti-monastery where adherents lived not by rules and laws, but by their own free will and pleasure. TP also states that much of Crowley's Thelema seems lifted from the Book of Revelation; the Book of Revelation is, of course, a book of the New Testament of the Bible. TP also compares Crowley to a perverted Bond villain; this refers to the megalomaniacal villains found in the James Bond series of spy novels and films.


On page 249, Parsons discusses eros or agape..."love and sex, joined together." Eros and agape are both Ancient Greek words for love; eros for romantic love, agape for the love of God. Theleman tenets stated that every individual was God.


On page 249, Hubbard mentions seeing Parsons worrying a ring on his right ring finger (around 1949). The description of the ring suggests it is the Owl Cave ring.


Parsons mentions Isaac Newton on page 249. Sir Isaac Newton (1642-1727) is often considered the father of modern science.


On page 250, at the Parsonage, Parsons mutters, "The magician longs to see..." and comments that he's often felt "there were spirits in this wood..." The phrase "The magician longs to see..." is part of the "Fire Walk With Me" poem spoken by Mike in Episode 2: "Zen, or the Skill to Catch a Killer". And "spirits in this wood" is a touchstone back to the Log Lady's log and the possible entrapment of Josie's spirit in the wood of the Great Northern at the end of Episode 23: "The Condemned Woman".


On page 252, Hubbard is said to have conned Parsons out of his life's savings and ran off with Parsons' girlfriend, Sara "Betty" Northrup (1924-1997). This is true.


Footnote #7 on page 252 mentions Hubbard's book Dianetics as the basis of his later "religion", Scientology. This is true. Dianetics was published in 1950.


Pages 253-262 contain a report by Major Doug Milford on his 1949 interview with Jack Parsons in a Manhattan Beach coffee shop. Manhattan Beach is a coastal city in Los Angeles County, where Parsons lived at the time.


On page 255, Parsons mentions the grays from Zeta Reticuli. Agent TP's footnote #8 on this page about Zeta Reticuli is accurate; the binary star system of Zeta Reticuli is about 39 light-years from Earth.


Agent TP's footnote #9 on page 255 on the star Sirius is accurate. Sirius is the brightest star in Earth's sky, about 8.6 light-years away.


The Jornada del Muerto (Journey of the Dead Man) mentioned by Parsons on page 255 is a desert region in New Mexico near White Sands.


The Working of Babalon mentioned by Parsons on page 256 was an actual series of rituals performed by Parsons (and including Hubbard) from January to March 1946 in an attempt to manifest the goddess Babalon of Crowley's Thelema religion. The goddess Babalon is also known as the Mother of Abominations, as mentioned on page 259. The "Technicolor redhead" woman who pulls up in a Buick roadster to pick up Parsons is Marjorie Cameron (1922-1995), Parsons' wife at the time, believed by him to be an elemental who would become his lover and that their eventual child would be Babalon born on Earth. They never had a child together, though she reportedly did get pregnant by him once and terminated the pregnancy. (Technicolor is a process of shooting and processing motion picture film to make color movies.)


The information about the Arroyo Seco near JPL on page 256 is accurate, including the rock outcropping that looks like the face of a devil.


The Sumerian bas relief of the Whore of Babalon on page 258 is an actual artwork from around 1750 BC (known more commonly as the Queen of the Night or the Burney Relief for the London antique dealer who acquired it, Sidney Burney). Notice that two owls stand at her sides and she has the feet of an owl herself.

Whore of Babalon


Doug Milford's statement that the Tongva Indians believed the Devil's Gate of the Arroyo Seco to be a portal to the underworld I've been unable to confirm, though the Tongva are an actual Native American tribe in the region who considered the Arroyo Seco to be spiritually significant. Allegedly, Crowley did refer to the Devil's Gate of Arroyo Seco as one of seven gateways to hell that existed on Earth, as stated in footnote #10 on this page.


    Prior to forming Scientology, Hubbard had stated that a good way to make money was to start a religion, as stated on page 259. He is alleged to have said this on different occasions in 1948 and 1953.

    Hubbard bought a yacht in Miami, FL with the money he had stolen from Parsons in 1946.

    Hubbard's Scientology religion holds that spiritual beings called Thetans created the universe for their own pleasure and eventually became so caught up in it they forgot their own spiritually-elevated existence and became trapped in the universe, endlessly reincarnating and attaching themselves to material bodies.


Agent TP's footnote #14 on page 260 seems a bit off from what Hubbard actually wrote about Thetans and her assumption that his story was based on Richard Shaver's Lemurian stories of underground cities. Scientology uses the term "thetan" to refer to the spirits of "alien" beings that cling to human bodies.


The story in footnote #16 of a construction worker who killed some children near the Arroyo Seco is true. The man was Mack Ray Edwards (1918-1971).


On page 261, Parsons is stated by a colleague of his to have performed rituals aimed at bringing across an entity called the Moonchild, seemingly based on Crowley's 1923 novel Moonchild about a battle between black and white magicians over an unborn child who may be the Antichrist. This is true. Whether Parson's ritual in New Mexico actually took place the week before the UFO crash incident in Roswell, as stated here, I've been unable to confirm.


The close former colleague that Parsons is said to have named to the HUAC (page 263) is probably a reference to aeronautical engineer Frank Malina, with whom he had formed Caltech's Guggenheim Aeronautical Laboratory Rocket Research Group in 1934.


The closed session testimony of Jack Parsons seen in a document on page 264 is recorded as having taken place in Cincinnati, Ohio.


As stated on page 265, Parsons was a member of the American Civil Liberties Union, which was considered "subversive" by the HUAC at the time.


Parsons and his wife did actually live in a room of the Cruikshank estate on Orange Grove Boulevard at the end of his life, as stated on page 266.


    On page 268, the June 18, 1952 Los Angeles Times article headline "Rocket Scientist Killed in Pasadena Explosion" was an actual one from the paper, about the death of Jack Parsons. I've been unable to confirm if the article content itself is what actually appeared in the paper.

    The article states that Parsons was pronounced dead at Pasadena General Hospital after the explosion at his home. I've been unable to confirm whether there was a ever a hospital by that exact name in Pasadena at the time. From what I've found, he was taken to Huntington Memorial Hospital in Pasadena instead.

    Jack Parsons' mother, Ruth Parsons, did take her own life with an overdose of barbiturates, after hearing of his death, as also stated in the article here.


On page 269, the Archivist states that Parsons' friends had disposed of hypodermic needles they found around the area of the explosion to protect his reputation before police arrived. Later, they also painted over the devil's head that was on the wall of his room. I've been unable to confirm if these are true.


Also on page 269, the Archivist compares Parsons to Icarus. Icarus is a Greek mythological figure, who used wings made of feathers and wax to fly, but flew too close to the sun, which melted the wax and caused him to plummet to the sea, where he drowned.


On page 270, the Archivist writes that one of Parsons' closest friends, an unnamed science-fiction writer, had called him "an American Byron". The man is also said to have used the following quote in relation to Parsons' death, "Once a magician stands between two worlds, he's in danger of not belonging to either one of them." The quote is obviously a nod to the "Fire walk with me" chant with the reference to a magician and two worlds. Parsons was known to have mixed with several science-fiction writers during his life, most notably L. Ron Hubbard and Robert Heinlein. Presumably, the Archivist would have named Hubbard if it had been him he was speaking of since Hubbard has already played a prominent role by name in the dossier. So, the man may be Heinlein, but I have been unable to confirm anyone referring to Parsons as a "an American Byron". The "magician" quote is obviously fictional, to tie into the "Fire walk with me" chant of Twin Peaks. "Byron" presumably refers to Lord Byron (George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron), a British poet and politician who lived from 1788-1824.


On page 271, the Archivist comments on German scientists who avoided prosecution at the Nuremberg trials by agreeing to work for the American government. The Nuremberg trials were the Allied trials of alleged Nazi war criminals after WWII in Nuremberg, Germany.


As stated in footnote #2 on page 271, Parsons had a crater named after him on the far side of the Moon in 1972.


Also in footnote #2, Agent TP remarks on whether Doug Milford will next sprinkle poison in Fidel Castro's beard, board a UFO with Elvis, or kill JFK. She is commenting on Milford's apparent propensity for being involved in U.S. government matters that have generated numerous conspiracy theories among fringe researchers.

  • Fidel Castro (1926-2016) was the communist ruler of Cuba from 1959-2008. The CIA is alleged to have considered, or attempted, to put thallium salts in Castro's famous beard in order to destroy it and thus make him look foolish.

  • "Elvis" refers to Elvis Presley (1935-1977), the "King of Rock and Roll", who since his death, has been a frequent subject of tabloid stories of his continued survival, occasionally even involving aliens or UFOs.

  • Numerous theories exist as to who really performed or planned the assassination of President Kennedy in 1962.


Pages 273-301 cover Doug Milford's involvement in Project Blue Book. The Archivist, Major Briggs, reveals that he is a member of a covert version of Project Blue Book in Episode 20: "Checkmate" and Windom Earle was found to have formerly worked with Blue Book in Episode 26: "Variations on Relations".


Page 274 suggests that Doug Milford may have had a highly-placed source of UFO cases in the Eisenhower White House that Project Blue Book did not know about. Dwight D. Eisenhower was President of the United States from 1953-1961. The implication here is that it was Eisenhower's Vice President, Richard Nixon, who was Milford's source.


On page 275, Doug Milford writes in his journal of receiving "another call from M" about "the Wise Men" operating in the shadows and that Ike may not even be aware of what they're up to. Most likely "M" is a code name for Richard Nixon, in reference to his middle name of "Milhouse" (as speculated by Agent TP in footnote #11 on page 280). The "Wise Men" are probably the members of Majestic-12. "Ike" is the nickname of Eisenhower.


The message from M states that the Wise Men may be following "the other path" now. This may be a reference to the "left-hand path" (LHP), allegedly malicious black magic, as opposed to practitioners of the "right-hand path" (RHP) of benevolent white magic. In The Devil's Guard, the Dugpas are said to be practitioners of the LHP. In Psychic Self-Defence, Dion Fortune discusses the Black Lodges, stating that they follow the left-hand path, use blackmail, practice abuse of the sex-force, and use black magic to achieve wealth and power, etc.


    The reference to a trip by Eisenhower to Holloman AFB, New Mexico in Milford's journal are to a story that some ufologists are convinced of, that the President met with an alien there on February 9, 1955. The "Connie" mentioned here is a nickname for a Lockheed Super Constellation airliner, used as the Presidential plane during Eisenhower's visit.

    The reference to the "Yellow Book" on page 276 is based on second-hand accounts that an advanced technological viewer that recounts the aliens' knowledge of the history of the universe was given to President Lyndon Johnson at Holloman AFB in 1964 in exchange for "genetic material". The reference to "genetic material" is likely to fringe rumors that the U.S. government agreed to allow the aliens to abduct a limited number of U.S. citizens to obtain human DNA samples. Footnote #5 on page 277 has Agent TP jokingly speculating that the Yellow Book was a beta version iPad given to them by a time-travelling Steve Jobs. The iPad, of course, is a tablet computer manufactured by Apple since 2010; Steve Jobs (1955-2011) was the founder of Apple and its CEO for much of the company's existence.


On page 277, the Archivist remarks that the 1977 Steven Spielberg film Close Encounters of the Third Kind was inspired by the alleged Holloman visitations. There have been rumors that Spielberg's movie may have been inspired by stories of Holloman, but I've not been able to turn up evidence that Spielberg himself ever said this. Of course, given Major Briggs' position in the government's study of UFO affairs, it's possible he knows more about the making of the film than is publicly known.


Page 277 mentions the Freedom of Information Act.


Doug Milford's official journal entry on page 278 mentions American physicist Edward Condon and the Condon Committee of the University of Colorado. This was an actual study of the UFO phenomenon by the United States Air Force from 1966-1968.


On page 281, Nixon refers to "ivory tower Berkeley bullshit" during his discussion with Milford while poring them glasses of Cutty Sark and branch water. "Berkeley" is a reference to the University of California, Berkeley. Cutty Sark is a popular brand of Scotch. It's interesting that Nixon is said to cut it with "branch water" here; "branch water" is usually said to be water from a stream, but another definition of it is water that has been steeped with the fresh branch of a Douglas Fir tree, Douglas Firs being the most iconic tree of Twin Peaks.


Footnote #12 on page 280 refers to the Viking program that placed a lander on Mars in 1976. This is true. I'm not sure if there's any connection to the other Fortean phenomena of Twin Peaks, but it was the Viking I orbiter that first captured a photo of the purported "face on Mars" in 1976 which some fringe researchers believe is an artifact of a former Martian civilization.


On page 282, Nixon says, "Well, I am not a kook." This is a play on the statement he will later make in 1973, during the Watergate investigation, "People have got to know whether or not their President is a crook. Well, I'm not a crook."


Nixon refers to the aforementioned "Wise Men" as "Skull and Bones". Skull and Bones is a secret society at Yale University. The society has hosted many future politicians as members and has occasionally been linked to the Illuminati and the Council on Foreign Relations, as stated by Agent TP in footnote #14 on page 283.


On page 283, Doug Milford tells Nixon that he thinks the entities behind UFOs and similar phenomena are not exclusively "extraterrestrial"; some or all may be "extradimensional" and from both another space and/or another time. There are legitimate theories of physics that say that the universe is made up of more than just the four dimensions in which we interact (height, width, depth, and time). The extradimensional hypothesis of UFO appearances has also been championed by prominent fringe researchers Jacques Vallee (1939-present) and John Keel (1930-2009).


On page 285, Nixon remarks on the country having gone from Kitty Hawk to the moon in the less than 70 years. Kitty Hawk is a town in North Carolina where the Wright Brothers made their famous first flight of a powered airplane in 1903. The first landing of men on the Moon took place in 1969 (Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin).


Page 286 states that Doug Milford purchases the Twin Peaks Gazette in 1969, changing its name to the Twin Peaks Post and becoming its editor/publisher.


Page 287 mentions Nixon's defeat of George McGovern in 1972 for Nixon's presidential reelection. This is true.


Page 287 states that Doug Milford was summoned to Nixon's "Florida White House" in Key Biscayne in February, 1973. "Florida White House" was an informal name for a home kept in Key Biscayne by President Nixon during his tenure.


Doug Milford's private journal entry on page 288 reveals that he kept a condominium in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Milford's mention of looking forward to spring training games there refers to the training several Major League Baseball teams underwent there at the time (1973).


Nixon's chief of staff, Bob Haldeman (1926-1993), mentioned by Milford here was a real person. The Watergate figure of E. Howard Hunt (1918-2007) mentioned in footnote #19 on page 289 is also an actual historical figure.


The redacted name of the entertainer friend of Nixon's met by Milford on pages 288-294 is certainly meant to be Jackie Gleason (1916-1987), as speculated by Agent TP in footnote #20 on page 295. The date in Milford's journal, February 19, 1973, corresponds to an account allegedly given by Gleason to airman Larry Warren (in 1986) about Nixon showing him alien bodies at Homestead Air Force Base as related by Milford here.


Gleason is said to have called his Peekskill, New York house, round in shape, the Mothership, as stated by Nixon on page 289.


On page 289, Nixon says, "In my experience, what defines a crime depends on who's getting screwed." This may be a bit of a play by Frost on Nixon's later quote during a 1977 interview with journalist David Frost (no relation to the author), "Well, when the president does it, that means it is not illegal."


Also on page 289, Milford remarks, "Before lifting the lid on any box, I check to see if it ever belonged to Pandora." Pandora's Box refers to the Greek myth of Pandora, the first woman on Earth, given a box (or jar) by the Olympian gods and told never to open it. Her curiosity got the better of her and she opened it anyway, releasing all the evils of the world (similar to the Bible's story of Eve and the forbidden fruit). The term "Pandora's Box" has come to stand for any seemingly small action performed by a person that results in widespread negative consequences.


On page 290, Milford notes that Nixon is wearing a green ring on his right hand (presumably the Owl Cave ring again).


On page 291, Milford remarks that "all the other branches conducted their own investigations and they're all equally...unwilling to share results with each other." This implies that the Army, Navy, etc. have researched the UFO phenomenon as well.


    At Homestead AFB, a general greets Nixon, Milford, and Gleason and shows them the alleged alien held there. The general's name is redacted, but Milford mentions that he'd met him on a few previous occasions and he had long been rumored to be part of Majestic 12. From the common list of alleged members of the group, it would seem the general must have been either Nathan Twining or Hoyt Vandenberg. The redacted name appears too short to have been Vandenberg, so we can deduce it was Twining.

   The general first shows the group some metallic debris, "similar to an FAA crash retrieval, where investigators attempt to re-create the shape of a crashed plane." The FAA is the Federal Aviation Administration. Milford says here he had no way of knowing what the debris really was, for all he knew it could have been the shattered and rearranged remains of a Pontiac Firebird; the Firebird was a pony car manufactured 1967-2002.


On page 295, the Archivist comments that not long after the visit to Homestead AFB, President Nixon was faced with the Watergate scandal and he never did go public about the UFO phenomenon.


The hand-written phone number on page 294 (295-3784) is said in Agent TP's footnote #20 on page 295 to be in Hialeah, Florida and once registered to Gleason. Gleason did have a home just outside of that city.


Gleason created and starred in the classic sitcom The Honeymooners as stated in footnote #20. The phrase "To the moon, Alice!" was a frequent punchline on the show, used by Agent TP at the end of the footnote. His huge library of Fortean books was donated to the University of Miami after his death in 1987, as also stated here. It is alleged that his wife wrote about the Homestead incident in an unpublished memoir that Gleason asked her not to release.


Pages 297-300 contain Douglas Milford's reconstruction of a phone call made to him in Twin Peaks by President Nixon from the Oval Office shortly before Nixon's resignation in 1974. The Oval Office is the official office of the U.S. President, located in the West Wing of the White House.


On page 297, Nixon mentions Rehnquist. This refers to William Rehnquist (1924-2005), who served as a Supreme Court Associate Justice at the time (1972-1986).


Projects Gleem and Aquarius mentioned by Nixon on page 298 are alleged, in government documents that many experts consider "bogus", to be aimed at gathering data about aliens and communicating with them.


On page 299, Nixon mentions someone called the Caretaker who was supposedly the head of MJ-12. There are rumors of such a figure, but they are just as nebulous as those of the existence of MJ-12 itself.


Nixon claims that Jim Forrestal (1892-1949) was a member of MJ-12 and he had become concerned about where the CIA was going with its knowledge of the group's findings. He then asks Milford, "You know what happened to Forrestal, Colonel?" Forrestal became Secretary of Defense under President Truman, but began to have psychiatric issues in 1949 and was forced to resign. While checked in for treatment at the National Naval Medical Center (now the Walter Reed National Military Medical Center) in Bethesda, Maryland, he was found dead after having fallen from the sixteenth-story window of his room. Some say he committed suicide, others that he was assassinated.


Nixon tells Milford that he's heard there are as many as six different species of aliens visiting the planet and that the Wise Men may have built any number of underground bases in the U.S. and even one called Pine Gap in the Australian outback. Dulce, New Mexico and Pine Gap in Australia are commonly thought to be home to joint U.S.-alien underground bases among UFO conspiracy theorists. There is an actual U.S.-Australian satellite ground station called Pine Gap in the outback.


At the end of the phone call, Nixon tells Milford that the people at the top of Project Aquarius have code names based on birds and the Caretaker is Raven. He also tells Milford the only man he might be able to trust is someone at the FBI he's already told him about. The "birds" reference, of course, makes us think of the owls seen in Twin Peaks and the Giant's statement "The owls are not what they seem." Also, in both The Autobiography of F.B.I. Special Agent Dale Cooper and Episode 6: "Realization Time", Cooper specifically says, "I do not like birds." In Episode 5: "Cooper's Dreams", a raven observes Cooper, Truman, Hawk, and Doc Hayward as they make their way to, first, the Log Lady's cabin, then to Jacques Renault's cabin in the woods. The unnamed FBI contact mentioned by Nixon whom Milford is apparently already aware of is later hinted to be Gordon Cole (page 312).


    In footnote #27 on page 300, Agent TP refers to Nixon as Tricky Dick. This was a disparaging nickname given to him by his political opponents in 1950 and which clung to him through the rest of his career.

    She states that Nixon was cracking towards the end of his presidency and thinks his final phone call with Colonel Milford puts him in "Humpty Dumpty" territory. Obviously, this is a reference to the nursery rhyme, "Humpty Dumpty", who falls from a wall and couldn't be put back together.


Page 301 has the Archivist's concluding remarks about Nixon. He retired to his home in San Clemente, CA and was pardoned for acts of obstruction of justice by President Gerald Ford, who was his successor as the vice-president at the time. Interestingly, Ford, as a congressman, was instrumental in getting Congress to hold an inquiry on the subject of UFOs in 1966 (which led to the Air Force's University of Colorado study of UFOs that ultimately slanted to a debunking angle). After Ford became the U.S. President in 1974 after Nixon's resignation from office, he did not publically pursue his UFO interest while holding the office through 1977.


President Ford's new secretary of defense and chief of staff are stated to have been Donald Rumsfeld and Richard Cheney. This is true. Both men would go on to serve under President George W. Bush as secretary of defense and vice president, respectively.


Doug Milford's funding for his secret program came from untraceable offshore accounts in the Cayman Islands. The Cayman Islands are a British territory in the Pacific Ocean near Cuba and known as a major offshore financial center recognized as one of the top tax havens in the world.


Page 303 reveals that Major Briggs was transferred from Fairchild AFB to Twin Peaks in 1982, allegedly to help bring the local airport, Unguin Field, up to modern standards. Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town refers to Unguin Field as the former Unguin Air Force Base, located 15 miles south of Twin Peaks.


Page 306 reveals that the Unguin Field work was only Briggs' "day-job" cover. The real work was building a small top-secret facility on Blue Pine Mountain for monitoring radio transmissions from deep space.


Page 307 prints a letter in the Twin Peaks Post from Carl Rodd about the strange goings-on on Blue Pine Mountain by the military. In it, he mentions the Knights of Columbus, the Knights Templar, the Illuminati, and the Tri-Lateral Commission. He also mentions a giant statue of an owl in Bohemian Grove and an ancient Sumerian deity. The Knights of Columbus are a Catholic fraternal service organization. The Knights Templar were a Catholic military order from 1139-1312, often associated with secret societies and Catholic mysticism in modern mythology. The Illuminati (and their use of owl symbols) has been mentioned previously in this study. The Tri-Lateral Commission is a non-governmental study group dedicated to cooperation among North America, Western Europe, and Japan; it has been at the center of many a conspiracy theory from the both the right and left wings of politics. Bohemian Grove is a private men's club in Monte Rio, California (near San Jose), whose members have included many of the most powerful men across the globe and also at the center of many conspiracy theories about its real objectives; the grounds of its acreage include a giant owl statue. Rodd's relation of the Bohemian owl statue to an ancient Sumerian deity may be a callback to the Sumerian bas relief of the Whore of Babalon and its owl symbolism mentioned earlier in this study.


In footnote #1 on page 306, Agent TP mentions the Cremation of Care bonfire that takes place each year in Bohemian Grove. More than a "bonfire", the Cremation of Care is a theatrical production, alleged to be "an allegorical banishing of worldly cares."


The photo on page 308 is an actual photo of the giant owl statue at Bohemian Grove.


On page 310, the Archivist mentions Caesar and that Mayor Dwayne Milford was a dyed-in-the-wool Roosevelt Democrat. Julius Caesar (100–44 BC) was a military leader and dictator of the Roman Republic. A "Roosevelt Democrat" is a politician of the Democrat party in the vein of Franklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945).


In his 1983 letter about the Blue Pine facility to Mayor Milford on page 311, Gordon Cole mentions the Pentagon and President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI). The Pentagon is the headquarters of the U.S. Department of Defense. Ronald Reagan was President of the United States from 1981-1989. SDI (sometimes referred to in a somewhat derogatory manner as "Star Wars") as was intended to be a space-based platform for defending the U.S. from nuclear ballistic missiles. Many experts and scientists did not believe it could ever be successfully developed and it remains unrealized to this day.


The letter described above is signed by FBI Regional Director Gordon Cole and Special Agent Phillip Jeffries. Jeffries is a "missing" agent who briefly appears in Fire Walk With Me. This letter seems to establish that both Cole and Jeffries visited Twin Peaks in 1983, long before Agent Cooper's case of the murder of Laura Palmer brought him there.


On page 312, the Archivist states that the Blue Pine facility was known officially as SETI Array 7-1, or more commonly, Listening Post Alpha (LPA). SETI stands for "search for extraterrestrial intelligence".


In footnote #4 on page 312, Agent TP's research reveals that Cole and Jefferies went through FBI training at Quantico together and graduated as the top two in their class in 1968. She also learns that Jeffries disappeared while on assignment in Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1987 and that he may have made a brief reappearance in Philadelphia in 1989. Quantico, Virginia is the home of the FBI's training academy. Jeffries' disappearance/reappearance is mentioned/seen in Fire Walk With Me and Missing Pieces.


On page 315, Robert Jacoby mentions in his article about the Log Lady (Margaret "Maggie" Coulson/Lanterman) that he's heard more wild stories about her than Heinz has varieties. Heinz is an American food processing company that uses the "57 Varieties" slogan (though it produces many more varieties of food products than that).


Margaret attended third grade in Mrs. Hawthorne's class at Warren G. Harding Elementary school.


As a child, Margaret was affected by the science-fiction film Invaders from Mars. This is an actual movie from 1953. Some skeptics of the alien abduction phenomenon believe that this film (among some others) subconsciously influenced the description of so-called aliens by experiencers of the phenomenon.


Robert Jacoby spent his senior year of high school with his mother and brother in Honolulu, then returned to Washington to attend Gonzaga University for a journalism degree. According to Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town, Jerry Horne also attended Gonzaga, pursuing a law degree.


On page 316, Robert mentions Earth Day and the Sierra Club (of which Margaret was a member); he also states that Margaret was a feminist before the word had been coined. Earth Day is an annual event celebrating conservation of the environment around the world, established in 1970. The Sierra Club is an environmental preservation organization founded by John Muir (1838-1914) in 1892. And Robert is wrong about "feminist"...the word was coined as early as 1872 in Europe and in use in the U.S. by 1910.


Margaret restored an old Ford pickup herself and worked in the town library for a time.


    Margaret's husband was Samson "Sam" Lanterman. They met at Haw's Lumber Yard in Twin Peaks. Sam was fond of quoting poets Wordsworth (1770-1850) and Yeats (1865-1939). Sam proposed to her, after a year of courtship, near Glastonbury Grove, in the spot where she and the other children had disappeared decades earlier, which she called "The Heart of the Forest".

   The day of their wedding, a fire was started by a lightning strike in the woods. Sam joined the fight against the blaze and was killed when a funnel cloud of fire knocked him off a ridge into a burning ravine. Despite the forest burning all around it, Glastonbury Grove remained standing. The day after the fire, Margaret went up to the grove and found a fallen old-growth Douglas fir, from which she then obtained her log with which she has since been inseparable. However, the Twin Peaks collectible card set states that the log is from a Ponderosa Pine and was given to Margaret by her woodsman husband as a wedding gift. (Episodes of the series generally hint that the spirit of Margaret's dead husband resides in, or communicates through, the log.)

   The couple had been planning to honeymoon at Lake Louise's grand hotel. This probably refers to the Fairmont Chateau Lake Louise near Banff, Alberta, Canada, considered one of Canada's grand railway hotels.


Page 317 mentions Paul Bunyan and Pecos Bill. These are both fictitious larger-than-life characters of American folklore, possibly originating in the 19th Century, but largely known in the 20th.


The article title seen at the bottom of page 317, "Give Peaks a Chance", is a play on the title of the 1969 John Lennon song "Give Peace a Chance".


    The page of the Twin Peaks Post on page 319 has column ads for three local businesses: Double R Diner, Gentleman Jim's Fine Furnishings, and Wagon Wheel Bakery. The RR Diner is well-known to viewers, of course, but the other two are also part of previously established canon. Gentleman Jim's was stated as the source of Nadine's new drapes in Episode 1: "Traces to Nowhere". Wagon Wheel Bakery is said to be the source of the sheriff's department's donuts in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town.

   The RR ad features slogans that seem to have been borrowed from Agent Cooper's dialog in episodes of the series (even though the ads appeared almost three years before Cooper said them in the timeline)! "For CHERRY PIE that's well worth the STOP!" is close to what Cooper said about the cherry pie at the Lamplighter Inn near Lewis Fork in his message to Diane as he drives into Twin Peaks for the first time in Episode 0A: "Wrapped in Plastic". "Damn Good COFFEE" was said by him in reference to Lucy's coffee ("...and HOT!") during his Tibetan method rock throwing demonstration in Episode 2: "Zen, or the Skill to Catch a Killer".


Page 320 states that Robert Jacoby dies from complications of multiple sclerosis in November 1986. The photo of Robert used there is one of actor Russ Tamblyn, who plays Robert's brother, Dr. Lawrence Jacoby, on the TV series.


The funeral pamphlet from Robert Jacoby's service states that it was carried out at the Chapel in the Woods, located at 112 Doyle Road, Twin Peaks, WA 98065 and that the owners of the chapel are Donald and Donna Mulligan.


Page 322 states that Deer Meadow is one county to the west of Twin Peaks. The investigation of the murder of Teresa Banks in Deer Meadow by Agents Chet Desmond and Sam Stanley was seen in Fire Walk With Me.


The Archivist remarks that Agent Stanley suffered an unspecified breakdown, possibly related to alcoholism, after returning to Philadelphia from Deer Meadow and was placed on administrative leave. Possibly, the Archivist means that this occurred some time after Stanley's return from Deer Meadow, as Agent Cooper makes reference to him a year after the Deer Meadow investigation as if he is still a working agent. Alternatively, this may be another discrepancy in the timeline.


On page 324, Dr. Jacoby is seen to have typed up his final case notes on Laura Palmer on March 19, 1989 in Princeville, Kauai. Princeville is a master-planned community overlooking Hanalei Bay on the Hawaiian island of Kauai. The date of March 19 would place his report as written on the same day as Episode 22: "Slaves and Masters", but Jacoby is still in Twin Peaks on this day, helping Ben Horne overcome his General Lee obsession in the "Appomattox scenario"! Possibly, he flew back to Hawaii afterward and composed his report, but he would have had to have returned to Twin Peaks just a day later for his appearance in Episode 24: "Wounds and Scars" (March 21, 1989). Plus, his report here remarks on it being a cool, cloudy spring day on Hanalei Bay, so he would really have had to rush there to have had any day time in Hawaii. It all seems to be yet another discrepancy in the timeline.


As confirmed by Agent TP in footnote #5 on page 325, Jacoby's paraphrasing of "what can you say about a...girl" is from the 1970 novel Love Story by Erich Segal.


Jacoby's report states that Leland Palmer was the only son of a wealthy Seattle family. He was president of the Law Review at the University of Washington (also established in Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town). He served an eight-year run as chief counsel to the Horne Corporation, which is what brought his family to Twin Peaks (this also implies that Laura was most likely born elsewhere); however, Twin Peaks: An Access Guide to the Town, states that Leland and Sarah established the Twin Peaks Timber Players in 1974, implying they lived in town at the time. Perhaps they moved in and out for a time...or could be another timeline discrepancy.


Sarah Palmer's maiden name is Novack. She was a political science major in college and she and Leland were college sweethearts before their marriage.


The photo of Laura on page 325 is the famous Homecoming Queen portrait of her seen in almost every episode of the original TV series.


On page 326, Dr. Jacoby gives what he calls a "Cliff Note" version of the typical modern American societal disorder. Cliffs Notes are study guides that explain and analyze famous literary works in a pamphlet form.


Also on page 326, Jacoby remarks that the Washington State Board of Review is deliberating whether he is guilty of malpractice for failing to see that Laura was a victim of parental sexual abuse. On page 333, we see that the State Medical Review Board of the Washington State Medical Association has suspended his license to practice medicine in the state of Washington.


The heart attack Jacoby mentions on page 326 occurred after he was attacked by a masked assailant (since presumed to be Leland) which occurred in Episode 7: "The Last Evening".


Jacoby states that after Laura's death, her mother began a slow slide into alcoholism and prescription drug abuse. (PopApostle reader Christian H. points out that Jacoby's review of the case here [dated March 19, 1989], gives him less than a month to decide that Sarah has begun a slide into alcohol and drug abuse!)


On page 327, Dr. Jacoby remarks, on the alleged supernatural existence of BOB, that an Amazon medicine man would take Laura and Leland's claims of BOB at face value. The Amazon is a large rainforest in the northern part of South America. It is likely that Jacoby has visited the Amazon and met some tribal medicine men there, judging by his travels to Central and South America mentioned in his book The Eye of God: Sacred Psychology in the Aboriginal Mind.


Footnote #8 on page 332 reveals that Lawrence Jacoby, with his medical license revoked, settled in Hawaii and began work on his memoirs.


    The letter heading of Jacoby's notification of his license revocation states that it was sent on March 26, 1989. This was within the three days of when the final episode of the original TV series takes place (Episode 29: "Beyond Life and Death").

   The address of the Washington State Medical Association given on this letter is 243 Israel Rd. SE, Tumwater, WA 98504. The Washington State Department exists near this address, but the actual Washington State Medical Association is at 2001 6th Avenue, Suite 2700, Seattle, WA 98121 (at least in 2017). The Tumwater zip code as stated in the book is actually for nearby Olympia, WA.   


    On page 334, the Archivist writes that Douglas Milford often drove around town in a two-seat convertible Morgan antique British racing car, wearing scarf, goggles, racing cap, and gloves. When Major Briggs returns from his two-day disappearance in the woods in Episode 19: "The Black Widow", he is dressed in a very similar manner! At the time of that study, I'd interpreted his outfit as an early-to-mid-20th-Century aviator's outfit...but it could just as easily be interpreted as an auto racing outfit from that time period! So, did Briggs visit Colonel Milford before returning home from his disappearance? Possibly, but this was also the day Dougie was found dead in bed during his honeymoon with Lana! So, would Briggs have even been able to find him at the time? Perhaps he looked for the colonel at his home, couldn't find him, and borrowed his clothes for some reason (perhaps Briggs was returned from his abduction sans clothing?). On page 355, Briggs describes returning from his abduction on the mountain and staggering back to his house to his wife and son, where he ate, then slept for 16 hours before learning that Douglas Milford had died at the Great Northern three nights earlier.

    Is it conceivable that Briggs killed Douglas somehow? It seems unlikely, as they seem to have been not only colleagues, but friends in Briggs' descriptions here.

Briggs' outfit


On page 335, Douglas is said to have gone through four divorces.


    On page 336, the Archivist states that Lana had claimed to be 19 years old at the time she met Douglas, but later vetting found she was actually 25. She had come into town just recently and got a job at Twin Peaks Savings and Loan.

   The Archivist writes that Lana locked onto Douglas like a Hellfire missile. The Hellfire missile is a real world air-to-surface weapon, developed by Lockheed-Martin in 1974 for the U.S. military and still in use today.

   The Archivist comments that Douglas should have known enough to avoid Lana like dengue fever. Dengue fever is a tropical disease caused by a virus transmitted through mosquito bites; it causes fever, headache, muscle pain, rash, and vomiting, with more severe cases leading to internal bleeding and low blood pressure.


    On page 337, the Archivist writes that Douglas and Lana "met cute". This is a term used to describe a romantic, but clumsy or bumbling, first meeting between characters in a Hollywood script.

   Douglas and Lana were soon canoodling over cocktails at the Waterfall Lounge at the Great Northern. This is the first mention of the Waterfall Lounge.


Page 339 reveals that Douglas' middle name was Raymond.


Part of an article about a rainstorm in town in the Twin Peaks Post is visible on page 339 next to the one about Douglas Milford's death. This refers to the storm clouds, thunder, and lightning seen at the end of Episode 19: "The Black Widow".


On page 340, the Archivist reports that Dwayne Milford accused Lana of murdering his brother with the Kama Sutra. Of several books of an erotic nature found in the Milfords' honeymoon suite at the Great Northern in Episode 19: "The Black Widow" was the Kama Sutra, a world-renown Hindu book on human sexual behavior composed in India between 400 BC and 200 AD.


    Lana inherited Douglas' money, comforted Dwayne for about six months until the probate closed, then "was gone like the Hindenburg." The Hindenburg was a German zeppelin that caught fire and burned to the ground within minutes during a visit to Manchester Township, New Jersey in May 1937.

   Lana's contoritionistic jazz exotica dance at the Twin Peaks Contest was seen in Episode 28: "Miss Twin Peaks".

   After her Twin Peaks adventures, Lana is said to have gone to the Hamptons and briefly dated "a bizarrely coiffed real estate mogul". The Hamptons are the collective group of villages on the east end of Long Island, New York. The "bizarrely coiffed real estate mogul" may be a reference to Donald Trump, a New York real estate tycoon who later become the 45th U.S. President in 2017.

   The Archivist speculates that Lana may even have been an assassin, paid to eliminate Colonel Milford due to his knowledge of things that the powers-that-be may not want made public.


The Archivist reveals himself as Major Garland Briggs, USAF on page 343. Colonel Milford had picked Briggs to succeed him as commander of Listening Post Alpha. 


Major Briggs' Corona typewriter Briggs provides a photo of his faithful Corona typewriter on page 344. It does not appear to be a Corona Super G as determined by Agent TP from the typeset of the dossier pages, though I've not been able to determine it's model. It's older than the Corona Super G. Oddly, the keys on the pictured typewriter appear to be German. Notice also that this typewriter has a "1" key on it, despite the fact that the dossier's pages appear to use the uppercase-I in place of a "1". In the book Conversations With Mark Frost by David Bushman, Frost says he took the photo because he thought it was a supercool old typewriter and it looked like the one he imagined Briggs using but he hadn't thought of the fact it had a "1" key on it.


On page 346, Briggs tells Douglas that his parents were Catholic "but Bohemian at heart," his father a concert violinist and his mother a Parisian-born Montessori school teacher. Briggs also says he had a Jesuit education. The term "Bohemian" technically means someone from the region of the Czech Republic called Bohemia, but has come to be associated with anyone who is socially unconventional. "Montessori" is a type of teaching that allows the students to be independent within certain limits, allowing them to express their own individual psychological development. The Jesuits are a male Catholic religious congregation.


On page 347, Briggs describes his own UFO sighting over the Bitterroot Mountains of Montana in August 1979 as the copilot of an F4 Phantom. The F4 Phantom is a real world jet fighter-bomber manufactured by McDonnell Douglas from 1958-1981 for the U.S. military.


Footnote #2 on page 349 regarding MUFON (Mutual UFO Network) is accurate.


On page 348, Douglas tells Briggs, "I'm the white rabbit, drawing you closer to the rabbit're my're going to become the Watcher in the Woods." The white rabbit is a reference to Lewis Carroll's 1865 book (and its various adaptations) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. The Watcher in the Woods may be a reference to the cult classic 1980 film Watcher in the Woods, which has a number of similarities to the mysteries of the woods around Twin Peaks, including people disappearing in the woods, lights and glowing objects in the woods, spirit possession, and a solar eclipse (similar to the Jupiter/Saturn alignment to enter the Black Lodge).


Also on page 348, Douglas shows Briggs that he has a tattoo of three triangular marks on his forearm, like the three placed behind Briggs' ear during his abduction in the woods after Episode 17: "Dispute Between Brothers".


On page 349, Briggs says that the Brothers Grimm drew inspiration for their stories from real events in their own dark woods. The Brothers Grimm were German folklorists known for publishing many dark fairy tales inspired by their study of German history and cultural mythology.


On page 353, Briggs mentions the message received by the LPA array "Cooper...Cooper...Cooper" and how, with Colonel Milford's approval, he shared it with Agent Cooper. This occurred in Episode 9: "Coma" (though no mention is made in the book of the accompanying message "The owls are not what they seem").


On pages 353-354, Briggs describes his abduction in the woods, which took place at the end of Episode 17: "Dispute Between Brothers". Briggs states that he feared the annihilation of his soul; in Episode 18: "Masked Ball", Hawk warned Cooper about his people's legends of the Black Lodge, "if you confront the Black Lodge with imperfect courage, it will utterly annihilate your soul."


On page 354, Briggs says that during his ordeal, "I'm fairly certain I journeyed back and forth through time, watching it unspool like some immense, omniscient recording." This lends some additional credibility to speculation that multiple timelines may be at play in the storyline of Twin Peaks.


On pages 356-357, Douglas' message to Briggs on the computer has him stating that he believes that every type of extranormal or paranormal experience recorded by humankind are related to the same source.


Douglas' message is dated March 15, 1989. This is the same day as the events of Episode 18: "Masked Ball", the day before he died.


Page 359 reveals that Glastonbury Grove is not far from the spot where Briggs and Cooper went camping in Episode 17: "Dispute Between Brothers".


Briggs discloses that, after learning of Cooper's disappearance in Glastonbury Grove (in Episode 29: "Beyond Life and Death"), he had begun work at the LPA preparing their elaborate "mayday" protocols. Was he calling for help for the missing Cooper? Perhaps that was his initial idea, but Briggs goes on to write that Sheriff Truman had just informed him that Cooper had returned to the Grove and been taken to his room at the Great Northern for rest. Briggs had requested of Truman that Cooper call him as soon as he could. Cooper does so and Briggs invites him to his house, intending to bring him into the LPA program. In his final dossier entry at 12:05 p.m. on March 28, 1989, Briggs records that Cooper just left...and something's wrong. "The message holds the answer, just as I thought, but I've misinterpreted it. Protocols are in place. I must act quickly. I'm heading to the LPA alone. *M*A*Y*D*A*Y*." This may suggest that the message received at the LPA and delivered in Episode 9: "Coma" ("the owls are not what they seem" and "Cooper...Cooper...Cooper") was not meant as a message for Cooper, but a warning that Cooper is the owl and not what he seems. Also, recall that the Log Lady intro of Episode 13: "Demons" states, "The answer is within the question."


The dossier ends with Briggs' "mayday" message. The last page of the book itself is a memo from Agent TP, revealed here to be named Tamara Preston. She remarks she is about to hand her research over to Director Cole and wait for the next assignment. She comments that files on both Briggs and Cooper are classified many levels above top secret and she is unable to access them with her current clearance. The memo seems to indicate hope that she will be assigned by Cole to continue research into the case.


Unanswered Questions


What were the other two "strange artifacts" Twisted Hair procured from the white tribe and showed to Lewis and Clark? Why is only the ring discussed?


What was the crime scene at which the dossier was found? Was it the murder of Major Briggs?


Who has the Owl Cave ring now? The earliest we know of it is in 1805, in the possession of Twisted Hair. Then it passed to Meriwether Lewis, followed by (presumably) James Neely. After that its whereabouts are unknown until L. Ron Hubbard sees it on the hand of Jack Parsons around 1949. Douglas Milford later sees it in 1973 on Richard Nixon's hand. The next we see of it, the Dwarf has it and it passes to Laura Palmer during her "dream" in Fire Walk With Me (though the One-Armed Man is also wearing it during the encounter with Laura and Leland at the intersection in the film). In Missing Pieces, Annie has it when she is taken to the hospital after emerging from the Black Lodge and a nurse takes it from her. 


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